|
天天带你学
搜名师、科目

操作成功!

操作失败!

首页高考知识点英语知识点19.各地高考题型七选五

高考英语知识点

七选五

绩优堂高考知识点七选五

考点

信息匹配阅读表达/汉译英短文改错七选五语法填空/10选9/单词拼写语音辨析任务型读写选词填空

共计53道相关试题精选知识点题

For over one hundred and fifty years, Americans of all social classes have worn blue jeans. 36    Whether they are worn for work or for fashion today.Strauss’ invention continues to be popular not only among Americans but also among people around the world.

Levi Strauss was born in Germany in 1829.   37    He grew up in Kentucky before moving to New York in 1847.Before becoming an American citizen and moving to the West in 1853, Strauss worked in his brother’s dry goods business.This gave him a chance to produce his famous invention.After the gold rush of 1949, Strauss decided to move to the West to seek his fortunes.

Strauss did not want to be a person who searched an area for minerals. Instead, he knew he could make a good living by selling supplies to the miners.At first, he planned to sell sewing supplies and cloth.  38   When he heard miners complaining that their clothes were easily broken or they usually tore their pockets during mining, he decided to use a special fabric to make pants for the miners. These pants proved so popular that he quickly ran out of materials to make more.

In 1873, Strauss received a letter from a Jewish tailor named Jacob Davis who had invented a process of connecting pockets with copper rivets (铆钉).This made the pants last a long time.Because Davis did not have the money to patent his idea, he offered to share it with Strauss if Strauss would agree to pay for the patent.  39   

By the time Strauss died in 1902, he had made a great contribution to American fashion.  40    The business has been growing ever since and Levi Strauss’ company is now one of the largest clothing companies in the world.

A.As a young boy, he moved with his family to the United States.

B.Nobody knew what kind of material was suitable.

C.He did and Levi jeans have been made with metal rivets ever since.

D. However, he did not get much business for those products.

E. He also made a great contribution to America’s clothing industry.

F. Since they were invented by Levi Strauss, they have become a symbol of American

consumer culture.

G. As the business grew, Strauss got much money from it.

【正确答案】
36:F

37:A

38:D

39:C

40:E

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
Choosing the right job is probably one of the most important decisions we have to make in life, and it is frequently one of the hardest decisions we have to make.One important question that you might ask yourself is: “How do I get a good job?”___36___.

There are people who can answer an unimportant advertisement in the local paper and land the best job in the world; others write to all sorts of places all over the country, and never seem to get a reply at all.Still others believe that the in person, door-to-door approach is by far the best way to get a job; and then there are those who, through no active decision of their own, just seem to be in the right place at the right time.___37___.He used to spend a lot of his free time down by the sea watching the tall ships, but never thinking that he might one day sail one of them.His father was a farmer, and being a sailor could never be anything for the boy but an idle dream.One day, on his usual wandering, he heard the captain of the ship complaining that he could not sail because one member of his crew was sick.Without stopping to think, the lad(少年)offered to take his place.___38___.

___39___.If the lad had gone home to consider about his decision for a week, he may have missed his chance.It is one thing to be offered an opportunity; it is another thing to take it and use it well.

Sometimes we hear stories about people who break all the rules and still seem to land plum jobs (美差).When you go for a job interview or fill out an application, you are expected to say nice things about the company to which you are applying.___40___.And within a year this person had become general manger of the company.

A.This story also illustrates the importance of seizing an opportunity when it presents itself.

B.People find jobs in a number of ways.

C.It’s almost impossible to find a good job by answering advertisement in newspapers

D.Take for example the young man who wanted to be a sailor.

E.But there was one person who landed an excellent job by telling the interviewer all the company’s faults.

F.He spent the rest of his life happily sailing the ships he had always loved.

G.It is very important to seize an opportunity when it presents itself.

【正确答案】
36:B

37:D

38:F

39:A

40:E

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
Why Do We Forget Things?

When it comes to having perfect memories,it is apparent that we humans must have had some faults in our blueprints(蓝图)! Why don’t we remember everything that we want to remember? It makes us feel upset and get discouraged.   1   However,it’s true that we are all forgetful.

   2    These are stored in what we call our “long-term memory”.What about before age three? Sigmund Freud,a doctor of Vienna,discovered the fact that we forget most of our early childhood.    3   They have different opinions.A very good theory,born from the results of experimentation with babies,is that absence of language ability at the time of an event stopped us from describing it to others.

   4    Experts say that you can keep about seven things in your memory at once for up to three days.During that time,you may forget something in order to put something else in its place,or you put it into long—term memory.What goes into short-term memory are things you’ve learned about recently,in the past day or two.   5   For example,you may have met your favorite star last week,and this week you can tell all the details to a friend.A simple example to explain your short-term memory is to look at a list of twenty words for a minute or two.You will discover that you cannot remember more than about seven of them and that they are the ones in the beginning and at the end of the list because your mind has judged them to be more important than those in the middle.

A.Scientists now know that it may take longer to remember things for the old.

B.However,it is widely recognized that short-term memory can be improved.

C.Sometimes,it even causes us to lose self-respect or others to think less of us.

D.Psychologists have been studying what causes this forgetfulness since Freud’s time.

E.Most of us have vivid memories of our 1ives from about age three to our present ages.

F.Only if something really unusual happens does it stay in your short-term memory for longer.

G.The other type of memory, the“short-term memory”,is what we are usually referring to when we say,“I forgot.”

【正确答案】
1:C

2:

3:D

4:G

5:F

【答案详解】

1、 细节过渡题。根据前面的“It makes us feel upset and get discouraged.”可知,遗忘使我们感到心烦和泄气,再根据C项中的关键词“even”可知,此处是对前面表达的内容作更进一步的表述,在意义上递进,故C项正确。

2、 文章结构题。根据后面的“These are stored in what we call our‘long-term memory’.”及“What about before age three?”可知,本句要表达的是与后面的对比;E选项关键词:age three。

3、 细节过渡题。从后面的“They have different opinions.”可知,代词“They”不是指代前面出现过的Sigmund Freud,而应该是其他的科学家。A项的主语也符合代词所指,但从逻辑句意上不符合,D项在语义上更匹配。

4、主旨大意题。根据后面的“Experts say that you can keep about seven things in your memory at once for up to three days. During that time,you may forget something in order to put something else in its place,or you put it into long-term memory.” 可知,大脑一次最多记忆七件事且保持三天;对比后面提及的长时记忆,可以判断出,本段的主旨应该是讲短时记忆,所以G项正确。

5、 细节过渡题。根据前面提到的“What goes into short-term memory are things you’ve learned about recently,in the past day or two.”及后面的“For example,you may have met your favorite star last week,and this week you can tell all the details to a friend.”可知,作者所列举的内容与F项表达的内容在意思上匹配。

【长难句分析】

You will discover that you cannot remember more than about seven of them and that they are the ones in the beginning and at the end of the list because your mind has judged them to be more important than those in the middle.你会发现你最多能记住七个单词,并且这七个单词位于单词列表的开头和结尾,因为你的大脑已经判定开头和结尾的那些单词比中间的那些要重要。

该句是一个主从复合句。谓语动词discover后面由and连接了两个并列的that引导的宾语从句;在第二个that引导的宾语从句中包含一个because引导的原因状语从句。

【语篇导读】

本文主要论述了人们的短时记忆的特点,并从科学的角度解释了为什么人们容易遗忘事情。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
The Importance of Accessibility Awareness

At a recent Teen Leadership of Jewish Family Services meeting,people with disabilities talked about their lives.   1   However,what amazed me most was the great importance of education about handicap accommodations(残疾人便利设施).

One schoolteacher who is blind,and a woman who has used a wheelchair all her life are two important members of the National Group for Disabled Persons,devoted to raising awareness about disabilities.   2    These include handicap parking spots,handrails,and wheelchair ramps.One big concern is the people who take advantage of aids,such as handicap parking spaces.   3   And the meeting focused on educating the public.

Some handicap spots have extra room next to them,marked with the“No Parking”signs.“As long as I’m not in the spot,I can take the no-parking area next to it,”some people say.However,the woman who uses a wheelchair disagrees to this.The space exists to allow someone in a wheelchair to have room to get in or out of their car.   4  

Some walkways have handrails next to them to help those who require extra assistance.Whether it is a blind person seeking guidance or an elderly person seeking support,the rail is there for walking.Sometimes the rail is blocked,by a parked bicycle for instance,and consequently made useless.   5   People who are informed of the rail’s use would be less likely to mistake it for a bike rack.

Meeting some of the people who are affected by the lack of education about accommodations made me see that there is work to be done.If more people were educated about the proper uses of accommodations,there would be fewer challenges for people with physical disabilities.

A.Accommodations will vary according to the needs of the disabled.

B.As with the parking spot,this is more likely a case of lack of education.

C.They educate about all the accommodations for people with disabilities.

D.Improvement must be made so that disabled people can fully participate.

E.If there is a car in that space,the handicap parking spot is no longer useful.

F.So people without disabilities need to be educated about these accommodations.

G.I was amazed to hear about the challenges faced by people with physical disabilities.

【正确答案】
1:G

2:C

3:

4:

5:

【答案详解】

1、细节过渡题。根据前一句“…people with disabilities talked about their lives.”及后面的“However,what amazed me most was the  great  importance  of  education  about handicap accommodations.”可知,此处应该是讲听说残疾人面临的各种挑战后感到惊讶,所以后面话峰一转,提及使我更惊讶的是关于残疾人便利设施教育的重要性,所以G项符合。

2、细节过渡题。根据下文的“These include handicap parking spots,handrails,and wheelchair ramps.”,再对比前面的“ …devoted to raising awareness about disabilities.”可知C项在语义上起到了承接作用。

3、 因果推断题。由前一句的“One big concern is the people who take advantage of aids, such as handicap parking spaces.”可知,最令人担忧的就是那些非残疾人使用这些残疾设施,从而可以引出应该对非残疾人加强对残疾便利设施的教育,所以F符合。

4、结论推断题。根据前面的“The space exists to allow someone in a wheelchair to have room to get in or out of their car.”可知,这些空间是便于坐轮椅的人有空间上下他们的车,E项进一步说明了如果这些空间被占用的后果,符合语境。

5、细节过渡题。从上文的“Sometimes the rail is blocked,by a parked bicycle for instance, and consequently made useless.”可知,此处是残疾便利设施被占用的一个例子,所以B项符合。

【长难句分析】

One schoolteacher who is blind,and a woman who has used a wheelchair all her life are two important members of the National Group for Disabled Persons,devoted to raising awareness about disabilities.一位盲人学校的老师和一位终身坐在轮椅上的妇女是残疾人全国协会的两位重要成员,他们致力于提高大众对残疾的意识。

该句是一个主从复合句。句中两个并列主语one schoolteacher和a woman后面分别有定语从句修饰;定语从句的引导词都是who;句末的devoted to...为过去分词短语作定语,修饰句中的主语。

【语篇导读】

文章介绍了由于缺乏对残疾人便利设施的教育,很多本来是给残疾人带来方便的设施没能得到合理的利用,失去其使用价值,所以作者呼吁多进行这方面的教育。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
How to Love Your Parents

Even if you think that your parents are mean-spirited at times,loving your parents is a normal and fulfilling part of life.You love them for the fact that they created you,raised you,and are in part a source of who you are.Here are some ways to love your parents.

   1   A gentle“good morning”and“I love you”will warm a coldest heart.Remember that they brought you into this world.Without your parents,you might still wander at an unknown corner in an unknown world.

Respect them more and cherish these moments.You can use these moments to learn from them for when you’re off on your own.It's OK to get angry but angry actions don’t help you or your parents.Act calmly,cool off,journal about your feelings,or talk to a friend.   2  

Obey their requests.It will make your attitude better and earn you more respect from them.It may seem like you are going through hell when you don’t get what you want or you have to clean.However,you had better remember they keep a roof over your head when it’s cold,raining,snowing,or too hot.Understand that parents are human beings and make mistakes.   3   Since you can forgive your friends,why not forgive your parents?

Keep company with them.Do things with your parents like watching TV,or go somewhere with them.   4   Listen to their old stories and learn from them.You will find they are your teachers in this way or another.

Some people simply may not be able to love their parents.   5   Seek help if you are being abused in any way.Parents do not have a right to harm you.

A.Forgiveness is the key.

B.Tell them you love them every morning.

C.Parents will in turn express their love to you.

D.After this,share your feelings with your parents.

E.Anyway,spend as much time with them as you can.

F.Please remember parents are as important as friends.

G.There can be realistic reasons for this,family violence for example.

【正确答案】
1:

2:D

3:A  

4:E

5:  G 

【答案详解】

1、段落大意题。根据后面的“A gentle‘good morning’and‘I love you’will warm a coldest heart.”可知B项符合。

2、 细节过渡题。根据前面的“Act calmly,cool off,journal about your feelings,or talk to a friend.”可知要冷静,把自己的感受记录下来或者跟朋友交谈一下,从而可以推断出,在此之后需要跟父母谈谈,所以D项符合。

3、细节过渡题。根据前面的“Understand that parents are human beings and make mistakes.”可知,父母也是人,也会出错,再结合后面的“Since you can forgive your friends, why not forgive your parents?”可知,作者是在谈论“原谅父母”,故选A项。

4、   文章结构题。根据“Keep company with them.Do things with your parents like watching TV,or go somewhere with them.”可知,此处强调要多和父母在一起,故E项符合。

5、细节过渡题。根据前面的“Some people simply may not be able to love their parents.”及后面的内容可知,有些父母存在暴利对待孩子的行为,G项符合。

【长难句分析】

It may seem like you are going through hell when you don’t get what you want.当你得不到你想要的东西时你就像要进地狱一般。

该句是一个主从复合句。It作形式主语,when引导的从句为真正的主语;主语从句中包含一个what引导的宾语从句。

【语篇导读】

本文主要讲述了从几个方面如何去爱自己的父母,同时也提及了如果遇到家庭暴力要寻求帮助。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
You might take a car,a bus,or a bike to school.But in Bangladesh,instead of waiting for a school bus to come down their street,many students wait for a school boat to come down the river.That’s right—these students attend school on a boat!

Bangladesh is very close to sea level.   1   The flooding creates many problems.Nearly 160 million people living there,the periodic flooding means that they are often unable to access roads,electricity,or telephones.

Growing up in Bangladesh,Mohammed Rezwan was often troubled by these disruptions(破坏).   2   The name means“self-reliance(自力更生)”.The purpose of the organization is to help the people of Bangladesh receive an education and also to bring technology and an improved quality of life to poor people in remote areas of the country.In 2002,Rezwan began transforming boats into schools.Each boat was built to house between 30 and 35 students.The boats had everything you might find in a regular classroom.The only difference was that they floated on a river.

  3  Today Rezwan and his organization operate 88 boats in northern Bangladesh.About half the boats are used as schools,and the other half are used as temporary houses during the flood season.In addition to the schools and the temporary housing,there are also a floating technology and training center,a library that allows students to check out books,and a health-care center,The school boats travel along the rivers and pick up students for classes that include computer technology,agriculture,and human rights.

At night the boats provide additional learning opportunities for students and adults.  4 They study using solar lamps that are charged during the day at stations near the river.Special equipment on the boats also projects lessons onto big screens made from sailcloth.People can come down to the riverbank to watch films.In all,these boats help educate close to 90,000 families in Bangladesh.

By floating down the rivers,the school boats provide more than books.   5   “This ‘library’boat inspired me,”said 18-year-old student Shanto Islam,who enjoys reading science fiction books.“I started to dream.”Islam now wants to attend a university.

A.They also deliver knowledge,opportunity, and hope to all generations.

B.For this reason the land is flooded for five months of every year·

C.Parents living in the area are happy to have the boats.

D.In 1998 he founded an organization called Shidhulai.

E.He did not want to design houses,though.

F.Both of them can attend evening courses.

G.These boats have been a great success.

【正确答案】
1:B

2:D

3:G   

4:

5:A

【答案详解】

1、  因果关系题。根据前面的“Bangladesh is very close to sea level.”再结合后面的“The flooding creates many problems.”可知,B项在语义上正好起到了承接的作用。

2、细节过渡题。根据后面的“The name means‘self-reliance(自力更生)’.”及“the purpose of the organization”可知,the name指的应该是D项中的organization-Shidhulai,所以D项符合。

3、 细节过渡题。根据后面的“Today Rezwan and his organization operate 88 boats in northern Bangladesh.”可知,这个组织已经初具规模,并大有成效,故G项符合。

4、细节过渡题。根据前面的“At night the boats provide additional learning opportunities for students and adults.”及后面的“They study using solar lamps that are charged during the day at stations near the river.”可知,They是指代前面的students and adults,从而可以判断出F项中的Both of them在语义逻辑上符合。

5、 细节过渡题。根据前面的“...the school boats provide more than books.”可知,这些学校船提供的不仅是书本,还包括很多书本之外的东西,A项自然地引出了其余内容。

【长难句分析】

In addition to the schools and the temporary housing,there are also a floating technology and training center,a library that allows students to check out books, and a heath-care center.除了学校和临时的房屋之外,还有一个浮动的技术培训中心,一个允许学生借阅的图书馆,还有一个健康护理中心。

该句的主句为there be句式,其中有多个并列主语;a library后面为that引导的定语从句。

【语篇导读】

本文介绍了孟加拉国由于地势低,接近海平面,经常发大水,给人们带来了许多问题,其中那些在僻远地区的人们接受教育就成了一个大问题。土生土长在孟加拉国的Rezwan想出了办法,把船变成学校,为那些偏远的贫穷的人们提供接受教育的机会,这样船上学校就出现了。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
Sometimes willpower is a lot like the television remote control—hard to find just when you want it most.   1   But there are ways to increase your willpower.

Don’t try to change your economic situation,win a promotion and lose weight all on the same morning.Set one clear,specific goal and make a realistic plan to achieve it.Extra willpower sometimes requires extra energy,so don’t spread yourself too thin.   2  

Whatever your goal is,don’t expect to achieve it overnight.   3   If you are trying to kick a coffee habit,start by replacing your morning cup of coffee with a glass of water,instead of promising never to drink coffee again.Congratulate yourself on the small achievements.These successes hetp your willpower grow.

    4   Ask friends,family or colleagues for assistance and tell them exactly how they can help.If your credit card bills have risen,for instance,let friends know that you are cutting back on expenses.Suggest having a common dinner instead of meeting at an expensive restaurant.Find a support group or organization related to your goal and attend their meetings.You can get valuable advice,understanding and information.

If possible,change your environment to encourage positive behavior.Want to get in shape? Keep an extra set of workout clothes in your office as a reminder to stop by the gym on the way home.Quitting smoking?   5  

A.Real success takes time.

B.Focus on one goal at a time.

C.Change your environment to change your life.

D.Improve your willpower by a support network.

E.Changing your behavior requires more than willpower.

F.Avoid bars or restaurants where you might be attracted to light up.

G.Breaking a bad habit or forming a new and healthy one can be difficult.

【正确答案】
1:

2:B

3:A

4:D

5:

【答案详解】

1、 细节过渡题。由后面的“But there are ways to increase your willpower.”可知,空处表达的意思应该与其存在转折关系。G项符合。

2、 段落结论题。根据前面的“Set one clear,specific goal and make a realistic plan to achieve it.”及“…so don’t spread yourself too thin.”可知,要设定一个明确具体的目标并制定一个可行的计划去实现这个目标,即B项所表达的内容——要专注于一件事。

3、细节过渡题。根据前面的“Whatever your goal is,don’t expect to achieve it overnight.”可知,无论制定的目标是什么,不要期望一夜之间就可以去达到这个目标,从而可以判断出后面应该是说要达到目标需要时间,所以A项符合。

4、 段落大意题。根据后面的“Ask friends,family or colleagues for assistance and tell them exactly how they can help.”可知,是向朋友、家人或同事寻求帮助,并确切告诉他们如何帮助,这些都是D项的“support network”。

5、 细节过渡题。根据前面的“Want to get in shape?     Keep…”可知,“Quit smoking?”后面也应该有一条关于如何戒烟的建议,F项符合。

【长难句分析】

If you are trying to kick a coffee habit,start by replacing your morning cup of coffee with a glass of water,instead of promising never to drink coffee again.如果你想改变喝咖啡的习惯,那么可以从用一杯水代替早晨的咖啡开始,而不是许诺再也不喝咖啡了。

该句是一个主从复合句。If引导条件状语从句,后面的主句是一个祈使句;介词by后面由instead of连接了两个并列的动名词结构,分别为replacing...和promising...。

【语篇导读】

本文介绍了几种方法来戒掉不良习惯,培养意志力,从而养成良好的行为。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
I had an experience once which taught me something about the ways people made a bad situation worse by blaming themselves.One January,I officiated(主持) at two funerals for two elderly women.   1   .At the first home,the son of the deceased(已故) woman said,“If only I had sent my mother to Florida and gotten her out of this cold and snow,she would be alive today.It’s my fault that she died.”At the second home,the son said,“If only I had not insisted her going to Florida,she would be alive today.   2   .It is my fault.”

When things don’t turn out as we would like them to,we tend to assume that had we done things differently,the story would have had a happier ending.Any time there is a death,the survivors will feel guilty.Because the course of action they took turned out bad,they believe that the opposite course,for example,keeping mother at home,would have turned out better.  3 

There seem to be two elements involved in our readiness to feel guilty.The first lies in our belief that the world makes sense—there is a reason for everything that happens.

The second is the thought that we are the cause of what happens,especially the bad things that happen.  4   .A baby comes to think that the world exists to meet his needs,and that he makes everything happen in it.He wakes up in the morning and calls the rest of the world to its tasks.   5   .When he is hungry,people feed him,and when he is wet,people change him.Very often,we do not completely abandon that childish thought that our wishes cause things to happen.

A.That long airplane ride was more than she could take.

B.After all,how could it have turned out any worse?

C.Life and dead is an unsolved mystery.

D.The roots of this feeling may lie in our childhood.

E.He cries,and someone comes to attend to him.

F.Both died a natural death.

G.They believe that they are responsible for what has happened.

【正确答案】
1:F

2:

3:

4:

5:  E     

【答案详解】

1、 细节过渡题。根据上句“I officiated at two funerals for two elderly women.”可知,此处语境中谈到葬礼,这样F项的意思和语境一致。

2、细节过渡题。根据上文中的“If only I had not insisted her going to Florida,she would be alive today.”可知,第二个人认为母亲乘飞机的时间太长了。

3、段落结论题。本段分析了生者的对待死者的态度,可是谁能够预料到最终结果是糟糕的呢?

4、 细节过渡题。根据下文中的“A baby comes to think that the world exists to meet his needs,and that he makes everything happen in it.”可知,其根源开始于童年时代。

5、细节过渡题。根据上文中的“He wakes up in the morning and calls the rest of the world to its tasks.”可知,此处谈论孩子的表现。

【长难句分析】

When things don’t turn out as we would like them to,we tend to assume that had we done things differently,the story would have had a happier ending.当事情不像我们希望的那样的时候,我们倾向于认为,如果我们用不同的方法做事,情况或许会有一个更幸福的结尾。

该句是复合句。其中when引导时间状语从句,该从句是复合句结构,as引导方式状语从句;主句中that引导宾语从句,该从句是复合句,且用虚拟语气,had引导条件状语从句。

【语篇导读】

本文以自己的亲身经历,说明生者往往认为自己的所作所为是造成死亡的原因,并以此提到现实中人们对待坏事的态度,并分析了人们存有这种心理的原因。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
Body language is the quiet,secret and most powerful language of all.It is said that our body movements communicate about 50%of what we really mean while words themselves only express 7%.So,while your mouth is closed,just what is your body saying...

Arms.   1   if you keep your arms to the sides of your body or behind your back,this suggests you are not afraid of taking on whatever comes your way.   2   if someone upsets you,just cross your arms to show you’re unhappy.

Head.When you want to appear confident,keep your head level.If you are monitor in class,you can take on this position when you want your words to be taken seriously.   3  

Legs.Your legs tend to move around a lot more than normal when you are nervous or telling lies.If you are at interviews,try to keep them still.

Posture.A good posture makes you feel better about yourself.   4   This makes breathing more difficult,which in turn can make you feel nervous or uncomfortable.

Mouth.When you are thinking,you often purse your lips(撅着嘴).You might also use this position to hold back all angry comment you don’t wish to show.   5   

A.If you are feeling down,you normally don’t sit straight,with your shoulders inwards

B.If you are pleased,your usually open your eyes wide and people can notice this.

C.Outgoing people generally use their arms with big movements,while quieter people keep them close to their bodies.

D.How you hold your arms shows how open and receptive you are to people you meet.

E.However,it will probably still be noticed,and people will know you’re not pleased.

F.However,to be friendly in listening or speaking,you must move your head a little to one side.

G.Don’t say too much when you’re happy.

【正确答案】
1:D

2:

3:

4:

5:E

【答案详解】

1、 细节过渡题。根据第二段小标题Arms及相关细节可知,你的胳膊所保持的样子表明你对周围人的态度。

2、 细节过渡题。此处上下文提到胳膊的不同状态所代表的不同态度,这样C项的意思和语境相符。

3、段落结论题。该段是以head为话题的,所以稍微移动头部表明在倾听和讲话过程中你是友好的。

4、 细节过渡题。本段中的话题是posture,选项A中,you normally don’t sit straight,with your shoulders inwards和话题一致。

5、  段落结论题。根据上文中的“You might also use this position to hold back all angry comment you don’t wish to show.”可知,你生气的样子通常是掩饰不了的。

【长难句分析】

It is said that our body movements communicate about 50%of what we really mean while words themselves only express 7%.据说,身体动作传递我们真正想表达的意思的百分之五十,而语言本身只表达百分之七。

该句是并列复合句。句中含有it is said that…句型,意为“据说……”;其中it是形式主语;that引导主语从句,该从句是并列复合句结构,其中连词while并列两个句子,其中前句是复合句,what引导宾语从句;后句是简单句。

【语篇导读】

本文介绍了各种身体语言所表示的意思,其中涉及到胳膊、头、腿、嘴等,它们能够表达各种各样的感情,包括快乐、生气等等。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
Does a Dog Help a Teen with Low Self-esteem?

A dog is known as man’s best friend for good reason.Loyal and affectionate,a dog companion can enrich its owner’s life in many ways.   1   Many teenagers suffer from periods of low self-esteem(自尊)as they try to navigate the wavy waters of adolescence and deal with all of its associated highs and lows.

A teenager who lacks self-esteem may feel isolated from his peers and unable to tell his parents about personal issues.The company of a dog can be a huge comfort and ease feelings of loneliness and awkwardness.A dog offers genuine unconditional love.   2   All dogs need exercise,so taking his dog for a walk is the perfect opportunity for a teenager to get outdoors and benefit from fresh air and physical activity.Exercise allows people to take control of their bodies,which is often the first step toward regaining control of other aspects of their life,says mental health specialist Dr.Alan Cohen.   3   Exercise releases chemicals called endorphins(内啡肽)into the brain,which create positive responses in the body,including improved self-esteem.

Dogs can help teenagers be more sociable and make new friends,suggest HELPGUIDE.   4 A dog is a great ice-breaker, avoiding awkward social situations and putting the teenager at ease with people he meets.The more confident the teen becomes when out and about with his dog,the more his self-esteem will improve.

   5   If a teenager is suffering from depression or developing dangerous habits such as alcohol and drug abuse,more extreme action may be required.In these cases,professional help should be sought and all treatment plans considered.Parents who suspect that their teen’s low self-esteem is a sign of a far more serious problem should ask a suitably qualified health professional for advice.

A.In some cases,having a dog will not help with a teenager’s low self-esteem.

B.It simply accepts its owner for who he is and doesn’t judge,question or criticize.

C.Pets offer an unconditional love that can be very helpful to people with depression.

D.You don’t have to worry about hurting your pet’s feelings or getting advice you don’t want.

E.In particular,someone with low self-esteem may find a pet dog to be extremely beneficial.

F.A teen may meet his peers while walking his dog in the park or taking part in a dog training class.

G.Many forms of exercise besides walking can be enjoyed with a dog,such as cycling,jogging and throwing a ball.

【正确答案】
1:E

2:

3:G

4:F   

5:A    

【答案详解】

1、 细节过渡题。第一段中谈到狗的好处,下文提到缺乏自信心的不足,这样E项的意思和语境相符。

2、 细节过渡题。根据上文中的“A dog offers genuine unconditional love.”可知,它无条件的接受主人。

3、细节过渡题。根据下文中的“Exercise releases chemicals called endorphins into the brain,which create positive responses in the body,including improved self-esteem.”可知,各种锻炼对狗都很有好处。

4、 细节过渡题。上文中的“Dogs can help teenagers be more sociable and make new friends, suggests HELPGUIDE.”是本段主题句,由此可知F项为正确答案。

5、主旨大意题。根据下文中的“In these cases,professional help should be sought and all treatment plans considered.”可知,有时候狗对缺乏自信心的孩子没什么作用。

【长难句分析】

All dogs need exercise,so taking his dog for a walk is the perfect opportunity for a teenager to get outdoors and benefit from fresh air and physical activity.所有的狗都需要锻炼,所以带着狗散步是一个绝妙的机会,孩子们可以通过这个机会到户外并从新鲜空气和体育活动中受益。

该句是复合句。其中so引导结果状语从句,其中taking…是动名词短语用作主语;for a teenager to get…是后置定语,修饰the perfect opportunity。

【语篇导读】

本文讲到狗对缺乏自信心的孩子们的帮助作用,比如它具有陪伴作用、对健康有好处、有助于交朋友等。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
I Know Just How You Feel

Do you feel sad? Happy? Angry? You may think that the way you show these emotions is unique.Well,think again.Even the expression of the most personal feelings can be classified,according to Mind Reading, a DVD exhibiting every possible human emotion    1  

In the midl800s,Darwin divided the emotions into six types-anger,fear,sadness,disgust,surprise and enjoyment.More complex expressions of emotion were probably learned and therefore more specific to each culture.But now it is believed that many more facial expressions are shared worldwide.   2   The Mind Reading DVD is a systematic visual record of these expressions.

The project was designed by a Cambridge professor.His research team first had to define an “emotion”.   3   Using this definition,412 emotion terms were identified and discussed,from“afraid” to“wanting”.

Then each expression is acted out by six different actors.“It was really clear when the actors had got it right,” says Cathy Collis,who directed the DVD.“Although they were given some direction,the actors were not told which facial muscles they should move.   4   

Someone who has tried to set such rules is the American,Professor Paul Ekman,who built database of how the face moves for every emotion.The face can make 43 distinct muscle movements.Ekman has also found that it may not be possible for people to reproduce them artificially.The most difficult expression to reproduce is the smile.It isn’t only about stretching the lips,but tightening the tiny muscles around the eye.  5  If we learnt to recognize whether someone was using their eye muscle when they smiled,we would be able to distinguish true enjoyment from false.

A.It shows 412 distinct ways we feel.

B.These can be combined into more than 10,000 facial shapes.

C.These particular muscles are difficult to control,and few people can do it.

D.They decided that it was a mental state that could be introduced by“I feel”or“he looks”or“she sounds”.

E.He said the expression of these feelings was universal and recognizable by anyone,from any culture.

F.It is as if they are programmed into the brains of“normal humans”wherever they are and whatever their races.

G.We thought of trying to describe each emotion, but it would have been almost impossible to make clear rules for this.

【正确答案】
1:A

2:

3:

4:G

5:

【答案详解】

1、 段落结论题。根据上句“a DVD exhibiting every possible human emotion”可知,它展示了人类的四百一十二种感情。

2、细节过渡题。根据下文中的“The Mind Reading DVD is a systematic visual record of these expressions”可知。

3、细节过渡题。根据上文中的“His research team first had to define an‘emotion”’可知,其中define an“emotion”和选项D中的by“I feel”or“he looks”or“she sounds”一致。

4、 段落结论题。根据上文中的“Although they were given some direction,the actors were not told which facial muscles they should move”可知,表达每一种情感是不可能的。

5、细节过渡题。根据上文中的“tightening the tiny muscles around the eye”可知,选项中的these particular muscles指眼睛周围的肌肉。

【长难句分析】

If we learnt to recognize whether smeone was using their eye muscle when they smiled,we would be able to distinguish true enjoyment from false.当人们微笑的时候,如果我们学会识别他们是否使用眼部肌肉,我们就能够区分真正的快乐和错误。

该句是复合句。句首if引导条件状语从句,该从句是复合句结构,其中whether引导宾语从句;when引导时间状语从句。

【语篇导读】

达尔文曾经把感情分为生气、恐惧、伤心、厌恶、吃惊和快乐六种,实际上,还应该有更多的复杂的感情,它们也会受到文化的影响。但是有许多表情在全世界是相通的。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
How Can I Fight Laziness?

Lazy people will never amount to anything in life.However,laziness can be defeated once a few changes have been made in your mind.

   1  Many people lack sleep constantly,since they stay up too late and get up too early to prepare for work.These people have little motivation once they arrive home.Laziness works hand in hand with a lack of motivation and a tendency to put off things.By adjusting your sleep schedule to provide a few more hours of meaningful rest,you can fight laziness throughout the day.

Another way to fight laziness is to change your mind from passive to active.Some people treat their lives as if they were pushed from task to task.Others take a more proactive approach,viewing each task as a challenge they must overcome alone.   2  

Some people fight laziness by removing the temptations(诱惑) that surround them.A television in the living room may provide entertainment,but watching too much TV often contributes to laziness.Create a reward system for yourself,just as parents do for a child to promote responsibility.   3  

    4  Spouses(配偶) and children may all have different energy levels,but laziness can be spread if not dealt with immediately.To fight household laziness,lead by example.Be the first to collect and wash dishes after a meal.Others in the home may eventually follow your example and perform their own task.It is difficult to practice laziness when your are surrounded by motivated people.

   5   Enough exercise and a balanced diet can help you to develop a healthy lifestyle,thus enabling you to have more energy and help lift your spirits.

A.Knowing how to fight laziness is important.

B.One way to fight laziness is to get enough sleep.

C.Laziness can also be a lasting problem at home.

D.Complete a few tasks and reward yourself with what you enjoy,such as a good dinner or a film.

E.Finally,taking exercise regularly can help you fight laziness.

F.With strong determination, you will be able to achieve your goal.

G.Laziness sets in when you no longer feel in charge of your own life.

【正确答案】
1:

2:G

3:

4:

5:E

【答案详解】

1、段落主旨题。根据第三段中的“Another way to fight laziness is to change your mind from passive to active”可知,此处介绍第一种抵抗懒惰的方法。

2、段落结论题。根据上文中的“Another way to fight laziness is to change your mind from passive to active”可知G项为正确答案。

3、 段落结论题。根据上文中的“Create a reward system for yourself,just as parents do for a child to promote responsibility”可知,学会奖赏自己。

4、 段落主旨题。根据下文中的“To fight household laziness”可知,该段主要讲到家庭里抵抗懒惰的方法,故选C。

5、  段落主旨题。根据该段中的“enough exercise and a balanced diet can help you to develop a healthy lifestyle”可知,锻炼对抵御懒惰的好处。

【长难句分析】

Enough exercise and a balanced diet can help you to develop a healthy lifestyle,thus enabling you to have more energy and help lift your spirits.足够的锻炼和平衡的饮食有助于培养健康的生活作风,因此能够让你有更多的精力并振奋精神。

该句是简单句。其中to develop a healthy lifestyle是宾语补足语;enabling…是现在分词短语,用作结果状语。

【语篇导读】

本文介绍了抵御懒惰的方法,其中包括睡眠充足、积极主动、奖赏自己、树立榜样和加强锻炼等。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

No matter what type of business you run,it has to deal with things that go wrong from your customer’s point of view.Complaints can be a great source of information for organizations to make corrections as well as further improvements.  1 

1.You should listen actively to what the customer has to say by maintaining comfortable eye contact.  2 

2.  3  It’s important for you to know that your apology must appear sincere to the customer,and not an empty excuse.And also you should show the customer you’ve accepted the response- bility and provide him with choices or you’ll do something about his complaint.

3.Talk with the client and discover the best means to resolve his problem.  4  In this case it’s important to let your customer know an estimation(估计)of how long it will take to take action on his complaint.

4.A simple “thank you” is one way to let the customer know you appreciate the time and effort they’ve taken to inform you about a problem with your company’s service or product that you need to know about.

5.Create a procedure for recording different types of customer complaints.  5 

A.Listen to your customer’s complaints and you can improve your service.

B.There will be times when you’ll be unable to resolve the issue immediately.

C.When receiving a complaint,you should apologize for the failure the customer has identified.

D.They are a valuable source of information to determine various root causes that need to be addressed within your company.

E.So it’s important to learn to deal with customer complaints efficiently.

F.Don’t feel ashamed of the failure in your service or products.

G.You should also show your customer that you do understand him by giving full attention.

【正确答案】
1:E

2:G

3:C

4:B

5:D

【答案详解】

1、上文陈述投诉的意义,下文讲述如何处理。因此本空选E项,起承上启下的作用。

2、 根据You should listen actively可知面对投诉不仅要聆听,更要给予足够的注意力,do understand him by giving full attention衔接自然。

3、 根据下文的your apology must appear sincere和show the customer you’ve accepted the responsibility and provide him with choices可知选C项作本段的中心句。

4、  由下文一句可知谈论的是解决办法及时间问题。

5、上文建议制订一套应对顾客投诉的程序,此处应讲其意义所在。故选D。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
There is an English saying:“  1  ” Until recently,few people took the saying seriously.Now,however,doctors have begun to look into laughter and the effects it has on the human body.  2 

Tests were carried out to study the effects of laughter on the body.People watched funny films while doctors checked their hearts,blood pressure,breathing and muscles.It was found that laughter has similar effects to physical exercise.  3  If laughter exercises the body,it must be beneficial.

Other tests have shown that laughter appears to be able to reduce the effect of pain on the body.In one experiment doctors produced pain in groups of students who listened to different radio programs.The group that tolerated(忍耐)the pain for the longest time was the group which listened to a funny program.  4   

  5   They have found that even if their patients do not really feel like laughing,making them smile is enough to produce beneficial effects similar to those caused by laughter.

A.Laughter can prolong one’s life.

B.As a result of these discoveries,some doctors in the United States now hold laughter clinics in which they help to improve their patients’ condition by encouraging them to laugh.

C.The reason why laughter can reduce pain seems to be that it helps to produce a kind of chemicals in the brain which diminish both stress and pain.

D.It increases blood pressure,the heart beating and breathing;it also works several groups of muscles in the face,the stomach and even the feet.

E.Although laughter helps cure the disease,doctors still can not put this theory into clinic practice.

F.Laughter is the best medicine.

G.They have found that laughter really can improve people’s health.

【正确答案】
1:F

2:G

3:D

4:

5:B

【答案详解】

1、 下文医生所做的实验表明笑有助于身体健康,缓解疼痛等,可推断出F“笑是最好的良药”符合文意。

2、 根据下文It was found that laughter has similar effects to physical exercise.可知,医生发现笑与锻炼身体有着相同的功效。由此推断,答案选G“他们发现笑确实可以促进人体健康”。

3、 根据上文...while doctors checked their hearts,blood pressure,breathing and muscles.可知答案选D“笑使血压升高,心跳和呼吸加快,它还使面部、肚子,甚至双脚的肌肉得到运动”。

4、根据上文The group that tolerated(忍耐)the pain...可知答案选C “笑可以缓解疼痛的原因似乎是它帮助大脑产生一种化学物质,这种物质减弱了压力和疼痛”。

5、 根据下文出现的their patients可知答案选B“由于这些发现,目前一些美国医生开办了笑诊所,在诊所里,他们鼓励病人通过笑来改善病情”。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
Warren Buffett

Warren Buffett,who is a successful investor,comes off as a pretty ordinary guy.He was born on August 30,1930.  1  He used to go door to door and sell soda water.When his family moved to Washington,Buffett became a paper boy for The Washington Post.Buffett ran his five paper routes and even added magazines to round out his product offerings.While still in school,he made $175 a month,a full-time wage for many men.

  2  He spent $1,200 on 40 acres of farmland in Nebraska.He and a friend also made $50 a week by placing pinball machines in barbershops.They called their venture(企业)Wilson Coin Operated Machine Co.

Already a successful businessman,Buffett wasn’t interested in going to college but ended up at the University of Pennsylvania—his father encouraged him to go. 3  But he was turned down,which had to be one of the worst admission decisions in Harvard history.The outcome affected Buffett’s life,for he ended up attending Columbia Business School,where he studied under Professor Benjamin Graham,the father of securities analysis who provided the foundation(基础)for Buffett’s investment strategy.

From the beginning,Buffett made his fortune from investing.He started with all the money he had made from selling soda water,delivering papers,and operating pinball machines.Between 1950 and 1956,he grew his $9,800 to $14,000.  4   And then he gradually drew in other investors through word of mouth and very attractive terms.

  5  He doesn’t collect houses or cars or works of art,and he disdains(鄙视)companies that waste money on expensive cars,private dining rooms,and high-priced real villas.He is a creature of habit—same house,same office,same city,same soda water.

A.Then Buffett applied to Harvard Business School.

B.Buffett is more likely to be found in a four-star restaurant.

C.When he was 14,Buffett developed great interest in investment.

D.Even as a young child,Buffett was serious about making money.

E.One thing is for sure about Buffett:he is happy to do what he is doing.

F.Buffett’s investment strategy mirrors his lifestyle and his overall philosophy.

G.From there,he organized investment partnerships with his family and friends.

【正确答案】
1:D

2:C

3:A

4:G

5:F

【答案详解】

1、根据下文内容可知,巴菲特卖苏打水、送报刊,还在上学的时候,一个月赚到的钱甚至相当于许多成人当时的全职薪水。由此推断,答案选D“甚至在巴菲特小的时候他就对赚钱很用心”。

2、根据文章按照时间顺序叙述的特点,结合下文的举例“在内布拉斯加州将1,200美元投资在40英亩农田上”和“在理发店安装弹球机”,可推断出答案选C“14岁时,巴菲特就对投资产生了极大的兴趣”。

3、根据下文“这一定是哈佛大学历史上最糟糕的一个录取决定之一”可知答案选A“巴菲特曾申请哈佛商学院”。

4、 根据下文“然后,他渐渐吸引其他投资者”可推断出答案选G“他与家人和朋友结成投资伙伴关系”。

5、下文介绍了巴菲特的生活理念,他反对把钱浪费在奢侈品上,喜欢一成不变。由此推断,答案选F“巴菲特的投资策略反映了他的生活方式和总体理念”。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂

首页上一页下一页末页1/4转到Go

分享到:

相关知识点