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首页高考知识点英语知识点19.各地高考题型阅读表达/汉译英

高考英语知识点

阅读表达/汉译英

绩优堂高考知识点阅读表达/汉译英

考点

信息匹配阅读表达/汉译英短文改错七选五语法填空/10选9/单词拼写语音辨析任务型读写选词填空

共计41道相关试题精选知识点题

【正确答案】
1:are talking  

2:For

3:can 

4:temperatures 

5:mainly  

6:is located 

7:It 

8:or 

9:said  

10:

【答案详解】

1、 此处表示我们“正在谈论的”。

2、 for instance“例如”,是固定短语。

3、  此处can表示“有时会”。

4、   由语境可知,需用temperature的复数形式。

5、  main的副词形式mainly表示“主要地,大概”。

6、  此处指的是前面的the center所在的位置,空格处在where引导的定语从句中作谓语。

7、 It means that...“那意味着……”

8、连词前后的两种情况不会同时出现,故填or“或者;否则”。

9、 此处指刚才说的,因此填said。

10、 固定结构once in a while“偶尔”。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
Directions: Read the passage carefully.Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words.

More and more corporations are taking an interest in corporate social responsibility (CSR).CSR is made up of three broad layers.The most basic is traditional corporate charity work. Companies typically spend about 1% of pre-tax profits on worthy projects. But many feel that simply writing cheques to charities is no longer enough.In some companies, shareholders want to know that their money is being put to good use, and employees want to be actively involved in good works.

Money alone is not the answer when companies come under attack for their behavior.Hence the second layer of CSR, which is a branch of risk management.Starting in the 1980s, with environmental disasters such as the explosion at Bhopal and the Exxon Valdez oil spill, industry after industry has suffered blows to its reputation.

So, companies often responded by trying to manage the risks.They talk to non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and to governments, create codes of conduct(行为准则) and devote themselves to more transparency(透明)in their operations. Increasingly, too, they, along with their competitors, set common rules to spread risks.

All this is largely defensive, but there are also opportunities for those that get ahead of the game. The emphasis on opportunity is the third layer of CSR: the idea that it can help to create value.If approached in a strategic way, CSR could become part of a company's competitive advantage.That is just the sort of thing chief executives like to hear. The idea of “doing well by doing good” has become popular.

Nevertheless, the business of trying to be good is bringing difficult questions to executives.Can you measure CSR performance? Should you be cooperating with NGOs and with your competitors? Is there any really competitive advantage to be had from a green strategy?

Corporate social responsibility is now seen as a mainstream.Big companies want to tell the world about their good citizenship with their devotion to social responsibilities.Done badly, CSR is often just window-dressing and can be positively harmful.Done well, though, it is not some separate activity that companies do on the side, a corner of corporate life reserved for virtue(美德):it is just good business.

(Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.)

78、Both _________ in some companies find it no longer enough to simply donate money to charities.
79、Give one example of the defensive measures of risk management according to the passage.
80、With the emphasis on opportunity, the third layer of CSR is meant to_________.
81、According to the passage, “good business” (paragraph 6) means that corporations ________ while making profits.
【正确答案】
78:shareholders and employees

79:Companies talk to non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and to governments./ Companies create codes of conduct./ Companies devote themselves to more transparency in their operations./ Companies set common rules with their competitors to spread risks.

80:create value

81:take social responsibilities

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
【正确答案】

1、I'm accustomed to listening to some light music before sleep.

2、It's up to you what kind of life you will lead in the future.

3、There is nothing more exciting than being allowed to take part in the space travel program.

4、Parents ask their kids not to play by the river for fear that something terrible might happen.

5、While modern society, rich in material resources, has given consumers more choices, it also turns many of them into crazy shoppers.

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
[1]Do you spend over an hour each day texting messages to your friends? Do you frequently ignore work, study, and other activities to check your phone for messages? Are you anxious and restless if you are separated from your mobile phone? Do you hardly ever use your phone to talk any more, and do your thumbs hurt from texting too much?

[2] If                  , then it is very possible that you are a textaholic.A textaholic can be defined as someone who is addicted to sending and receiving messages.The main symptoms are a strong desire to text messages, which takes precedence(优先)over everything else, and bad moods, low spirits and a lack of self-confidence if messages fail to come in.The root of the problem, as with many addictions, is the desire to escape from emotional difficulties such as stress, anxiety and relationship problems.Experts warn that text addiction is likely to become the most common form of addiction in the future, especially among the young.

[3]So what can you do if you think you may be a textaholic? The key is to get your life back in balance.Make sure you resist the urge to answer every message you receive, and consider leaving your mobile phone behind occasionally when you go out.Most importantly, make a point of spending quality time with friends and family, and make time to re-learn the art of face-to-face conversation instead of conducting your relationships by means of text messages.Not only will you save time and money, but you may also rediscover the pleasure of true communication.

76、How does the author introduce the topic of the text? (no more than 5 words)

__________________________________________________________________________________

77、Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with proper words. (no more than 8 words)

__________________________________________________________________________________

78、What emotional difficulties may be the causes of text addiction? (no more than 5 words)

①                  ②                  ③                       

79、What do experts say about text addiction? (no more than 14 words)

__________________________________________________________________________________

80、What is the main idea of Paragraph 3? (no more than 8 words)

__________________________________________________________________________________

【正确答案】
76:By asking/ raising questions.

77:you answer “yes” to any of the questions

78:①stress   ②anxiety    ③relationship problems

79:It may become the most common form of addiction, especially among the young

80:How to get rid of text addiction

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
In college, Spring Break(春假)is usually associated with the beach, parties and sleepless nights, bringing about relaxation, free time and friends.Students who wish to spend their break doing something productive and rewarding, however, may choose to participate in the Alternative Break Program.It places college students in communities both at home and abroad.

The Program allows students to take part in various projects dealing with issues such as literacy (识字), homelessness and the environment.It includes helping kids with their lessons, raising money for families in need and collecting data for environmental research.

The hope is that, by getting themselves involved in different environments, students will have the opportunity to learn about members of communities and broaden their view.In turn, they will incorporate (融合)their experiences and lessons learned into their own communities.In a word, the Program aims to encourage students to be active citizens and engage themselves in making a difference in society.

In the spring of 2006, about 36 000 students in the USA participated in the Alternative Break Program.

Samantha Giacobozzi, now director of the Program, has been on five alternative break trips herself, including trips to New Orleans, India and the Dominican Republic.“I was a student who went on alternative break trips and had my life totally transformed by that experience,” she said.“Every year, we meet many students who have attended the Program.You can see changes in their life that are connected with their alternative break experiences.”

The Program began in 1991.Today, it has become increasingly popular with college students in the United States.

56、Who may choose to participate in the Alternative Break Program?(No mare than 10 words)

______________________________________________________________________

57、What is the aim of the Program?(No more than 15 words)

______________________________________________________________________

58、What is the meaning of the underlined word "transformed" in Paragraph 5?(1 word)

______________________________________________________________________

59、What is Samantha's attitude toward the Program?(No more than 10 words)

______________________________________________________________________

60、If you take part in the Program, which project are you interested in? And why?(No more than 25 words)

______________________________________________________________________

【正确答案】
56:Students who wish to do something productive and rewarding

57:It is to encourage students to be active citizens and make a difference in society

58:Changed.

59:She thinks highly of the Program. She is in favor of the Program. / She holds a positive attitude toward the Program.

Or: She thinks it’s a great experience of changing one’s life.

Or: She is thankful / grateful for the Program

60:I am interested in helping kids with their lessons because education is important to them.

Or: I want to raise money for families in need because they are poor and need our help.

Or: I am interested in collecting data for environmental research because the environment should be protected.

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂

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