|
天天带你学
搜名师、科目

操作成功!

操作失败!

首页高考知识点英语知识点17.阅读理解观点态度题

高考英语知识点

观点态度题

绩优堂高考知识点观点态度题

考点

主旨大意题细节与推理判断题语义题观点态度题篇章结构题词义猜测题阅读补全

共计22道相关试题精选知识点题

If you exhibit positive characteristics such as honesty and helpfulness,the chances are that you will be thought as a good-looking person,for a new study has found that the perception(认知)of physical attractiveness is influenced by a person’s personality.

The study,which was led by Gary W.Lewandowski,has found that people who exhibit negative characteristics,such as unfairness and rudeness,appear to be less physically attractive to observers.In the study,the participants viewed photographs of opposite-sex individuals and rated them for attractiveness before and after being provided with information about their personalities.

After personality information was received,participants also rated the probability of each individual’s becoming a friend and a dating partner.Information on personality was found to significantly change the probability,showing that cognitive(认知的)processes modify(修改)judgments of attractiveness.

“Thinking a person as having a desirable personality makes the person more suitable in general as a close relationship partner of any kind,”said Lewandowski.

The findings show that a positive personality leads to greater expectation of becoming friends,which leads to greater expectation of becoming romantic partners and,finally,to being viewed as more physically attractive.The findings remained consistent regardless of how “attractive” the individual was formerly thought to be or of the participants’ current relationship status.

“This research provides a positive outcome by reminding people that personality goes a long way toward determining your attractiveness;it can even change people’s impressions of how good-looking you are,”said Lewandowski.

1、In the study the participants were required to ______.
  • A.try to make friends with each other
  • B.try to prove positive characters make people more attractive
  • C.exhibit negative characters such as unfairness and rudeness
  • D.rate one’s attractiveness by photos before and after knowing her or his personality
2、What’s the CORRECT order of how cognitive processes modify judgments of _____attracti-veness?

a.find a person with a positive personality

b.view the person more physically attractive

c.want to make friends with the person

d.want to be his/her romantic partner

  • A.a→c→d→b   
  • B.d→c→b→a
  • C.c→b→a→d  
  • D.a→d→c→b
3、Which of the following is WRONG according to the passage?
  • A.The research reminds people to pay more attention to the personality.
  • B.Personality can change people’s impressions of one’s appearance.
  • C.The judgment of one’s attractiveness always stays unchanged.
  • D.Positive personality may lead to more friends.
4、The passage is written in a(n)______tone.
  • A.subjective
  • B.objective
  • C.sceptical  
  • D.negative
5、Who are the intended readers of this passage?
  • A.People with positive characteristics.
  • B.Good-looking people.
  • C.People with negative characteristics.
  • D.General people.
【正确答案】
1:D

2:A

3:C

4:

5:D

【答案详解】

1、细节理解题。根据文章第二段最后一句In the study,the participants...rated them for attractiveness before and after being provided with information about their personalities(参与者要在得知照片人物的性格的前后分别对他们的吸引力做出评估)可知选D。

2、细节理解题。根据文章倒数第二段的a positive personality(a)leads to greater expectation of becoming friends(c)(积极的性格会产生做朋友的期待),而becoming friends,which leads to greater expectation of becoming romantic partners(d)(做朋友会产生成为恋爱伙伴的期待),finally,to being viewed as more physically attractive(b)(最后会觉得对方更加有吸引力)可知选A。

3、 细节理解题。根据文章第一段的the perception(认知)of physical attractiveness is influenced by a person’s personality(一个人外表的吸引力受到他性格的影响),或最后一段的it can even change people’s impressions of how good-looking you are(这甚至能够改变一个人对你有多好看的看法)可知对一个人吸引力的判断是会改变的,不是一成不变的 (unchanged),故C选项的说法不对,选C。

4、观点态度题。文章客观介绍了一个实验的结果,作者的语气是objective(客观的),故选B。A subjective(主观的),C sceptical(怀疑的), D negative(消极的)。

5、 推理判断题。本文是对一个实验的客观介绍,目标读者就是普通群众(general people),故选D。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
People think what I do is so wonderful because I interview stars.And I have to admit that when I first started working at Sassy in 1987 I was excited about that part of my job for the first couple of months,anyway.Then I noticed how stars would fool me around for months.I could never get enough time with a star to find out anything interesting,and some acted just simply rudely.I started hating the way I was treated,and I was really disappointed to see that these people I had worshipped(崇拜)before were pretty ordinary.So I decided I would just tell the truth instead of keeping up their myths(神秘).If the star was a bad guy,I would say so.If I thought anyone was stupid,I did not hold back that information.

I thought readers would appreciate that kind of honesty.Surprisingly,many of them hated me for it.I have gotten so many attacks on my character.In their eyes,being famous is everything,even more desirable than being truly creative and talented.

Why do we need stars? In fact,the media created stars to satisfy our basic need for gossip(闲聊).Over time,talking about people we have never met and we are never likely to meet has become what we are crazy about.Thus,some people are more interested in the personal lives of the stars than in the lives of their own family and their own friends.That is why it is so ridiculous when a star wants to discuss only his or her work in an interview—as we care.We want the dirt on their personal lives.

There is another reason we worship stars.As a whole,our society is not as religious as it once was.It seems that people need something to fulfill them the way religion once did.Star worship exists as an unfulfilling desire for true heroes.

We make them stars,but then their reputation makes us feel unimportant,and we truly feel better about ourselves when they die.I am part of this whole process.No wonder I feel soiled at the end of workday.

1、What are the stars like according to the author?
  • A.They always treat others rudely.
  • B.They always talk about something dull.
  • C.They are actually ordinary people.
  • D.They are usually honest and polite.
2、We worship stars because ______.
  • A.we need true mental heroes to support us
  • B.we can learn something useful from famous stars
  • C.we concern about the stars,family and friends
  • D.we like talking about the stars’ dressing styles
3、When the author is writing this article,his tone sounds ______.
  • A.excited
  • B.angry 
  • C.worried
  • D.calm
4、What is the main purpose of the author writing the passage?
  • A.To show the disadvantages of working with stars.
  • B.To remind us not to worship famous stars blindly.
  • C.To laugh at the failures of stars he has interviewed.
  • D.To talk about the reasons why we worship stars.
【正确答案】
1:C

2:A

3:D

4:B

【答案详解】

1、细节理解题。根据第一段倒数第四句...these people I had worshipped(崇拜)before were pretty ordinary.可知答案选C。

2、 细节理解题。根据倒数第二段最后一句可知,我们崇拜明星是因为我们自己无法实现的英雄梦,所以我们需要一个精神上的英雄来给予我们支持。

3、 观点态度题。根据第三、四两段作者对人们为什么会崇拜明星所做的客观分析可知,作者写文章时的语气是平和的。

4、 推理判断题。通过亲身经历,作者告诉我们明星不过是和我们一样的普通人,没有什么可崇拜的。人们之所以会崇拜明星,一方面是媒体的炒作,另一方面是自身信仰的缺失。由此推断,作者写这篇文章的目的就是要提醒我们不要盲目崇拜明星。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
Autumn means different things to different people.“It all depends on your personality,”said British naturalist Richard Mabey.“Personality shapes your view of the season,”he said.“You may see it as a fading-away,a packing up(结束),or as a time of packing in another sense—the exciting gathering of resources before a long journey.”

If this is true,perhaps it tells us a little about,for instance,Thomas Hood,the 19th Century English poet.About November,he wrote:

No warmth,no cheerfulness,no healthful ease

No shade,no shine,no butterflies,no bees

November!

On the other hand,another English poet John Keats,already sensing he was seriously ill,was inspired by a late September day to pen one of the most famous poems in the English language,To Autumn.He wrote to a friend afterwards that there was something comforting and healing about it.

According to Richard Mabey,Keats has the biological evidence on his side.Autumn is not a time of slowing down,but a time of new beginnings and great movements of creatures.For example,just at the moment that Keats’s “gathering swallows”(in To Autumn)are departing for Africa,millions of creatures are fleeing from the frozen north like Iceland,Greenland and Russia to winter along the east and south coasts of Britain.According to scientists,before falling,the leaves transfer their chlorophyll(叶绿素)and carbohydrates into the woody parts of the tree for safe keeping over winter.What remains is the natural antioxidants(防老剂)in the leaves:the yellow and orange carotenoids(类胡萝卜素),and another protective chemical specially produced for autumn,the bright-red anthocyanin(花青素).High color is not a signal of deterioration(退化)and decline,but of detox(排毒的)ability and good health.

A century after Keats,the American poet Loren Eiseley wrote in his journal:“Suppose we saw ourselves burning like maples in a golden autumnAnd that we could break up like autumn leaves... dropping their substance like chlorophyll.Would not our attitude towards death be different?”

1、From Thomas Hood’s poem,we may infer that ______.
  • A.he suffered a lot from cold November
  • B.he missed the shining summer days very much
  • C.he had a negative attitude towards autumn
  • D.he enjoyed butterflies and bees very much
2、In autumn,leaves turn yellow before falling because ______.
  • A.they can’t bear the freezing
  • B.they can’t get enough water from the wood part
  • C.chlorophyll and carbohydrates have been lost through leaves
  • D.chlorophyll and carbohydrates have come back to the wood part
3、From the passage we can learn that ______.
  • A.autumn has different faces in different people’s eyes
  • B.John Keats was a good biologist as well as a poet
  • C.all creatures move from the cold north to Britain for winter
  • D.the three poets were only known for their poems about autumn
4、Which word can best describe Loren Eiseley’s attitude towards autumn?
  • A.Fearful.
  • B.Optimistic.
  • C.Doubtful.
  • D.Realistic.
5、What does the underlined sentence mean?
  • A.Man can never live long,just as leaves must leave the tree annually.
  • B.Man is different from autumn leaves,which will come again the next spring.
  • C.Man should have a positive attitude towards death,quite different from autumn leaves.
  • D.Man should treat death calmly,just as autumn leaves fall to the ground.
【正确答案】
1:C

2:D

3:A

4:B

5:D

【答案详解】

1、 推理判断题。根据第二段下面的托马斯·胡德的诗歌内容中许多的“no”可知他对于秋天的态度是消极的,故答案为C项。

2、 细节理解题。根据倒数第二段中“...,before falling,the leaves transfer their chlorophyll(叶绿素)and carbohydrates into the woody parts of the tree for safe-keeping over winter”(在落下之前,为了安全过冬,叶子将叶绿素和碳水化合物转换成了木质部分)可知答案为D项。

3、推理判断题。根据文中几位诗人的诗歌内容可以看出在不同人的眼中,秋天所呈现的面貌是不同的,故答案为A项。

4、 观点态度题。根据文章最后一段,再结合倒数第二段内容可推知Loren Eiseley表达的是一种乐观积极的态度。

5、 推理判断题。根据文章最后两段内容可推知Loren Eiseley告诫人们应像落叶那样以平和的心态面对死亡。故答案为D项。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
When I was young I wanted to be a model,so when a national contest was staged,I convinced my parents to take me for an audition(试演).I was selected and told I had potential.They said that for only $900 I could attend a weekend event which dozens of the most prestigious(有声望的)modeling agencies from around the world would attend.At 13,my hopes of fame and fortune clouded all judgment and I begged my parents to let me go.We have never been rich,but they saw my enthusiasm and agreed.

I imagined being signed by some famous model companies.For months,any boredom or disappointment I faced was pushed aside because I knew 1 would soon have the chance to be a real model.I thought I would grace the covers of famous magazines!

Of course,1 wasn’t signed,but what hurt the most was being told that if I grew to 5′9″(about 1.75 metres)I could be a success.I prayed for a growth spurt(冲刺)because I could not imagine giving up my dream.I made an appointment with a local modeling agency and the agent demanded $500 for classes,$500 for a photo shoot,and $300 for other expenses.My parents only agreed after hours and hours of my begging.

The agency sent me out on a few auditions,but with every day I didn’t receive a call,I grew more depressed.The final straw came in July after I had decided to focus on commercial modeling.There was an open call in New York City.We spent hours driving and another few hours waiting,only to be told that 1 was too short.I was devastated(极度不安的).

Years later,I realized that the trip to New York was good as it made me notice I didn’t actually love modeling,just the idea of it.I wanted to be special and I was innocently determined to reach an impossible goal.The experience has made me stronger and that will help me in the future.

1、What’s the main reason why the author wanted to be a model?
  • A.She won a national contest.
  • B.She wanted to get reputation and wealth.
  • C.She was urged by some modeling agencies.
  • D.She had full potential to be a successful model.
2、What’s the author’s parents’ attitude toward her dream?
  • A.Encouraging.
  • B.Worried.
  • C.Doubtful.
  • D.Enthusiastic.
3、What was it that made the author end her attempt to become a model?
  • A.Her parents were strongly against it.
  • B.She realized that it was impossible for her.
  • C.Even a local modeling agency turned her down.
  • D.She realized that she didn’t actually love the idea of modeling.
4、The underlined phrase “The final straw” probably means ______.
  • A.the last in a series of bad things that happen to make someone very upset,angry,etc
  • B.the final result that she was admitted by the model company
  • C.the final audition given by the agency
  • D.the decision that she made at last not to be a model any more
5、What did the author learn from her experience of struggling to be a model?
  • A.Where there’s a will there’s a way.
  • B.Being a model is not that easy.
  • C.We should have our own judgment and should not just follow others.
  • D.We might set unpractical goals but the experience can help us grow.
【正确答案】
1:B

2:C

3:B

4:A

5:D

【答案详解】

1、  细节理解题。根据第一段倒数第二句中的At 13,my hopes of fame and fortune clouded all judgment可知,作者出于对名利的渴望而想要成为模特。

2、观点态度题。根据第一段最后两句以及第三段最后一句可知,作者的父母并不支持女儿,谈不上“鼓励”或“热情”,但是也没有反对,谈不上“担忧”,因此,他们对女儿的梦想能否成功实现是持怀疑的态度。

3、 推理判断题。通读全文可知,作者因为身高问题屡遭模特公司的拒绝,由此推断,她意识到自己不可能成为模特了。D项容易被误选,根据最后一段第一句的it made me notice I didn’t actually love modeling,just the idea of it.(这使我意识到,我并不是真正热爱模特职业,我只是喜欢这个想法),可知D项与原文意思相悖。

4、词义猜测题。根据下文的only to be told that I was too short以及I was devastated.可知,The final straw指的是作者终于不能忍受的最后一件事,故A项符合文意。

5、  细节理解题。根据文章最后两句可知选D项。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
1、Traditional businessmen feel upset because ______.
  • A.people like to have their goods taken good care of
  • B.growing online sales will seize their share of the market
  • C.more and more young people purchase things on the computer
  • D.consumers can always get a better selection by shopping online
2、According to McLaughlin,some traditional stores are keeping customers by______.
  • A.giving customers electronic toys as presents
  • B.making their goods better and cheaper
  • C.delivering goods to each doorstep
  • D.providing customers with extra services
3、From the fourth paragraph,we know that ______.
  • A.online shoppers tend to be friendly to each other
  • B.the process of shopping online is full of emotion
  • C.making buying decisions in traditional shops is difficult
  • D.some shoppers like the social environment in traditional stores
4、What is the author’s attitude towards the future online commerce?
  • A.Optimistic.
  • B.Doubtful.
  • C.Worried.
  • D.Concerned.
【正确答案】
1:B

2:D

3:D

4:A

【答案详解】

1、 细节理解题。根据第一段中的“...feel worried that growing e-commerce will decrease their share of the market”可知传统商店的店主之所以感到不安是因为他们担心电子商务会减少他们的市场份额,故答案为B项。

2、 细节理解题。根据第三段最后一句“... some traditional stores are also pleasing customers with services such as setting up or repairing computers and other electronic equipment.”可知传统商店为招揽顾客也在为顾客提供一些额外的服务,故答案为D项。

3、 推理判断题。根据第四段内容可知,一些顾客喜欢传统商店里的那种社交环境,故答案为D项。

4、  观点态度题。根据最后一段中的“online commence is likely to continue its growth here”可知作者对网上购物持乐观的态度。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂

About 21 000 young people in 17 American states do not attend classes in school buildings.

Instead, they receive their elementary (初等) and high school education by working at home on computers. The Center for Education Reform says the United States has 67 public “cyberschools,” and that is about twice as many as two years ago.

The money for students to attend a cyberschool comes from the governments of the states where they live. Some educators say cyberschools ieci money that should support traditional public schools. They also say it is difficult to know if students are learning well.

Other educators praise this new form of education for letting students work at their own speed. These people say cyberschools help students who were unhappy or unsuccessful in traditional schools. They say learning at home by computer ends long bus rides for children who live far from school.

Whatever the judgment of cyberschools, they are getting more and more popular. For example, a new cyberschool called Commonwealth Connections Academy will take in students this fall. It will serve children in the state of Pennsylvania from ages five through thirteen.

Children get free equipment for their online education. This includes a computer, a printer, books and technical services. Parents and students talk with teachers by telephone or by sending emails through their computers when necessary.

Students at cyberschools usually do not know one another. But 56 such students finished studies at Western Pennsylvania Cyber Charter School recently met for the first time. They were guests of honor at their graduation.

59、What do we know from the text about students of a cyberschool ?
  • A.They have to take long bus rides to school.
  • B.They study at home rather than in classrooms.
  • C.They receive money from traditional public schools.
  • D.They do well in traditional school programs.
60、What is a problem with cyberschools ?
  • A.Their equipment costs a lot of money.
  • B.They get little support from the state government.
  • C.It is hard to know students' progress in learning.
  • D.The students find it hard to make friends.
61、Cyberschools are getting popular because    
  • A.they are less expensive for students
  • B.their students can work at their own speed
  • C.their graduates are more successful in society
  • D.they serve students in a wider age range
62、We can infer that the author of the text is         .
  • A.unprejudiced in his description of cyberschools
  • B.excited about the future of cyberschools
  • C.doubtful about the quality of cyberschools
  • D.disappointed at the development of cyberschools
【正确答案】
59:B

60:C

61:B

62:A

【命题立意】

59、推理判断题。

60、细节理解题。

61、推理判断题。

62、观点态度题。

【解题思路】

59、根据第一段第一、二句“...do not attend classes in school buildings... by working at home on computers.”可知,B 项正确。

60、根据文章第二段最后一句“They also say it is difficult to know if students are learning well.”可知,C 项正确。

61、文章在第三段提到了网络教育的益处,第一句中“...for letting students work at their own speed”指出了原因,正是由于这种优越性,网络教育才会变得越来越流行。故B项正确。

62、作者先提出了网络教育这种现象,接着指出不同的人对此所持的不同态度,是从客观角度进行陈述的,没有偏见,故A项正确。

【文章大意】

文章介绍了一些和网络教育有关的知识。如今网络教育因为其便利性而越来越流行,但是它也有弊端,即很难知道学生的学习情况。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂

Many people believe Henry Ford invented the automobile (汽车). But Henry Ford did not start to build his first car until 1896. That was eleven years after two Germans developed the world's first automobile. Many people believe Henry Ford invented the production line that moved a car's parts to the worker, instead of making the worker move to the parts. That is not true, either. Many factory owners used methods of this kind before Ford. What Henry Ford did was to use other people's ideas and make them better. And he made the whole factory a moving production line.

In the early days of the automobile, almost every ear maker raced his cars. It was the best way of gaining public notice. Henry Ford decided to build a racing car. Ford's most famous race was his first one. It was also the last race in which he drove the car himself.

The race was in 1901, at a field near Detroit. All of the most famous cars had entered, but only two were left: the Winton and Ford's. The Winton was famous for its speed. Most people thought the race was over before it began.

The Winton took an early lead. But halfway through the race, it began to lose power. Ford started to gain. And near the end of the race, he took the lead. Ford won the race and defeated the Winton. His name appeared in newspapers and he became well-known all over the United States. Within weeks of the race, Henry Ford formed a new automobile company. In the 1903, a doctor in Detroit bought the first car from the company. That sale was the beginning of Henry Ford's dream. Ford said: "I will build a motor car for the great mass of people. It will be large enough for the family, but small enough for one person to operate and care for. It will be built of the best materials. It will be built by the best men to be employed. And it will be built with the simplest plans that modern engineering can produce. It will be so low in price that no man making good money will be unable to own one."

The Model T was a car of that kind. It only cost $850. It was a simple machine that drivers could depend on. Doctors bought the Model T. So did farmers. Even criminals. They considered it the fastest and surest form of transportation. Americans loved the Model T. They wrote stories and songs about it. Thousands of Model T's were built in the first few years.

63、What do we know about Henry Ford from Paragraph 1?
  • A.He made good use of ideas from others.
  • B.He produced the first car in the world.
  • C.He knew how to improve auto parts.
  • D.He invented the production line.
64、Why did Henry Ford take part in the 1901 car race?
  • A.To show off his driving skills.
  • B.To draw public attention.
  • C.To learn about new technology.
  • D.To raise money for his new company. 
65、“That sale” in Paragraph 4 refers to        .
  • A.the selling of Ford cars at reduced prices 
  • B.the sale of Model T to the mass of people
  • C.the selling of a car to a Detroit doctor
  • D.the sales target for the Ford Company
66、What was Henry Ford's dream according to the text?
  • A.Producing cars for average customers.
  • B.Building racing cars of simple design.
  • C.Designing more car models.
  • D.Starting more companies.
【正确答案】
63:A

64:D

65:C

66:A

【命题立意】

63、细节理解题。

64、细节理解题。

65、词义猜测题。

66、推理判断题。

【解题思路】

63、根据第一段最后两句“What Henry Ford did was to use other people’s ideas and make them better. And he made the whole factory a moving production line.”可知,A 项正确。

64、根据第二段第二、三句“It was the best way of gaining public notice. Henry Ford decided to build a racing car.”可知,B 项正确。

65、根据第四段第七句“In 1903,a doctor in Detroit bought the first car from the company.”可知,C 项正确。

66、根据文章第四段末Ford所说的话可推知,他终极的梦想是生产出让所有的人都能购买的大众汽车,故A项正确。

【文章大意】

文章介绍了 Henry Ford的相关知识。人们都认为是Ford发明了汽车,但这个观点却是错误的。Ford只是采用了前人的想法,加以优化,成立了自己的公司。但是他制造出了非常受大众欢迎的汽车,实现了他的梦想。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂

Honesty, my mum always used to tell me, is the best policy.Of course, this didn’t include her when she told me that if I didn’t eat all my vegetables Father Christmas would find out and wouldn’t give me any presents.

But when it comes to medicine, I had assumed it was important to always be honest with my patients.After all, the doctor-patient relationship is based on trust, and therefore honesty is essential. Or so I thought.

I had just started working in geriatrics(老年病科).Mr.McMahon was brought in when his belly was found very swollen.I took a medical history from his daughter who’d accompanied him in the ambulance.She’d been his main carer for years.I stood looking at him as she gave a detailed history.“Has he lost any weight recently?” I asked, “Well, it’s funny you should mention that, but yes,” she said slowly.There was silence for a few moments.“Why? What are you worried about?” she asked. I hesitated.She was obviously very involved in his care and it was only fair that I told her the truth.“Well, we need to prove it’s not cancer,” I said and talked briefly about some of the tests I was going to order.

Half an hour later, a nurse called me: “Mr.McMahon’s daughter broke down-she said you told her he had cancer.” My heart sank.By the time I arrived at the ward, my consultant was already there, explaining that we still had to run lots of tests and that it was by no means confirmed that he had cancer.I stood silently at the end of the bed.My consultant was obviously angry with me and as we left Mr.McMahon, she turned to me.“Why on earth did you do that?” she asked in disbelief.I looked at her and bit my lip.“She asked me what I was worried about and I told her.” I said, hanging my head.“And give her more to worry about?” replied my consultant.“You don’t say the word ‘cancer’ until it’s confirmed.Even if you suspect it, think very carefully before you tell people.”

As it turned out, it wasn’t cancer.But I did learn that when someone is stressed and worried about their loved one they’re sometimes selective in what they hear-and as a doctor it’s important to be mindful of this.In being truthful, I’d made the situation worse.

51、The purpose of the first two paragraphs is to show that the author       
  • A.misunderstood the doctor-patient relationship
  • B.was anxious to receive Christmas gifts
  • C.regarded honesty as the best policy
  • D.had an unhealthy eating habit
52、The author’s consultant was angry with him because         
  • A.he told the daughter what he suspected
  • B.he delayed running the necessary tests
  • C.he failed to confirm the patient’s disease
  • D.he forgot what the consultant had advised
53、The author hung his head(the underlined part in Para.4)because he was feeling     
  • A.guilty
  • B.hurt
  • C.disappointed
  • D.helpless
54、What lesson has the author learnt from his experience?
  • A.Learning from parents is necessary.
  • B.Jumping to a conclusion is dangerous.
  • C.Telling the truth may not always be the best solution.
  • D.Selecting pleasant words may not be the perfect policy.
【正确答案】
51:C

52:A

53:A

54:C

【命题立意】

51、作者意图题。

52、细节理解题。

53、细节理解题。

54、推理判断题。

【解题思路】

51、根据文章开头提到“Honesty,...is the best policy.”和第二段末的“... therefore honesty is essential.”可知,选C项。

52、根据第四段第一句话中的“...daughter broke down...he had cancer.”和第六句中的“why on earth did you do that?”可知,她生气的原因是“我”告诉病人家属没有确诊的事。故选A项。

53、根据第四段中“我”的会诊医生生“我”的气,“我”耷拉着头,说明“我”很内疚(guilty)。故选A项。

54、根据文章中发生的故事可知,诚实是最好的策略,但是很多时候,诚实并不能解决一切问题,故选C项。

【文章大意】

本文属于记叙文。讲述了我遇到的一个病人,病情很严重,当他的女儿询问他的病情时,迫于无奈,我说他可能患有癌症,这使她几乎崩溃。我的会诊医生责备我不该告诉病人家属没有确诊的事。从这件事中我得出结论,有时候讲真话并不是最好的解决方法。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂

Winners Club

You choose to be a winner!

The Winners Club is a bank account specially designed for teenagers. It has been made to help you better manage your money. The Winners Club is a transaction account (交易账户) where you receive a key – card so you can get to your money 24/7 —that’s 24 hours a day, 7 days a week!

It’s a club with impressive features for teenagers:

●No account keeping fees!

You’re no millionaire so we don’t expect you to pay large fees. In fact, there are no account keeping or transaction fees!

●Excellent interest rates!

You want your money to grow. The Winners Club has a good rate of interest which gets even better if you make at least two deposits (储蓄) without taking them out in a month.

●Convenient

Teenagers are busy—we get that. You may never need to come to a bank at all. With the Winners Club you can choose to use handy tellers and to bank from home using the phone and the Internet … You can have money directly deposited into your Winners Club account. This could be your pocket money or your pay from your part – time job!

●Mega magazine included

Along with your regular report, you will receive a FREE magazine full of good ideas to make even more of your money. There are also fantastic offers and competitions only for Winners Club members.

The Winners Club is a great choice for teenagers. And it is so easy to join. Simply fill in an application form. You will have to get permission from your parent or guardian (so we can organize that cool key – card) but it is easy. We can’t want to hear from you. It’s the best way to choose to be a winner!

61、The Winners Club is a bank account intended for         .
  • A.parents   
  • B.teenagers 
  • C.winners   
  • D.adults
62、Which of the following is TRUE about the Winners Club?
  • A.Special gifts are ready for parents.
  • B.The bank opens only on work days.
  • C.Services are convenient for its members.
  • D.Fees are necessary for the account keeping.
63、The Winners Club provides magazines which        .
  • A.encourage spending
  • B.are free to all teenagers
  • C.are full of adventure stories
  • D.help to make more of your money
64、If you want to be a member of the Club, you must          .
  • A.be an Internet user       
  • B.be permitted by your parent
  • C.have a big sum of money   
  • D.be in your twenties 
65、What is the purpose of this text?
  • A.To set up a club.         
  • B.To provided part – time jobs.
  • C.To organize key – cards.
  • D.To introduce a new banking service.
【正确答案】
61:B

62:C

63:D

64:B

65:D

【命题立意】

61、细节理解题。

62、正误判断题。

63、细节理解题。

64、细节理解题。

65、目的意图题。

【解题思路】

61、根据文章第一段第一句“ The Winners Club is a bank account specially designed for teenagers.”可知,The Winners Club 是专门为青少年提供的银行账户,故选B。

62、根据Convenient部分中的“...we get that. You may never need to come to a bank at all”可知,the Winners Club 用起来很方便,故 C项正确。

63、根据 Mega magazine included 部分中的“full of good ideas to make even more of your money”可知,Mega条志能帮你更好地利用和管理自己的资金,故选D。

64、根据文章最后一段中的“You will have to get permission I from your parent or guardian...”可知,要成为 The Winners Club 中的一员,必须征得父母或监护人的同意,故选B。

65、全文主要向读者介绍了 The Winners Club的相关内容,由此可推知,它的目的在于推荐这种新的银行服务,故选D。

【文章大意】

本文是一篇说明文,在文章中作者主要向读者介绍了 The Winners Club的相关内容和信息。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂

The  internet will open up new vistas (前景), create the global village—you can make new friends all around the world. That, at least, is what it promised us. The difficulty is that it did not take the human mind into account. The reality is that we cannot keep relationships with more than a limited number of people. No matter how hard the internet tries to put you in communication, its best efforts will be defeated by your mind.

The problem is twofold(双重的). First, there is a limit on the number of people we can hold in mind and have a meaningful relationship with. That number is about 150 and is set by the size of our brain. Second, the quality of your relationships depends on the amount of time you invest (投入)in them. We invest a lot in a small number of people and then distribute what’s left among as many others as we can. The problem is that if we invest little time in a person, our engagement with that person will decline (减弱)until eventually it dies into “someone I once knew”.

This is not, of course, to say that the internet doesn’t serve a socially valuable function. Of course it does. But the question is not that it allows you to increase the size of your social circle to include the rest of the world, but that you can keep your relationships with your existing friends going even though you have to more to the other side of the world.

In one sense, that’s a good thing. But it also has a disadvantage. If you continue to invest in your old friends even though you can no longer see them, then certainly you aren’t using your time to make new friends where you now live. And I suspect that probably isn’t the best use of your time. Meaningful relationships are about being able to communicate with each other, face to face. The internet will slow down the rate with which relationships end, but it won’t stop that happening eventually.

72、What is stressed in the first paragraph?
  • A. The present situation of the internet.
  • B. The difficulty in communication on the internet.
  • C. The socially valuable function of the internet.
  • D. The role of the human mind in the internet communication.
73、The underlined word “engagement” in the second paragraph probably means “____”.
  • A. appointment  
  • B. connection  
  • C. interview   
  • D. agreement
74、According to the passage, the author holds the view that____.
  • A. the internet fails to play so valuable a role in communication as it promised
  • B. the internet determines the quality of social relationships
  • C. the internet greatly increases the size of social circles
  • D. the internet communication is no less effective than the face-to-face talk
75、What is the author’s attitude towards the use of the internet to strengthen relationships?
  • A. He is uncertain about it.    
  • B. He is hopeful of it.
  • C. He approves of it.         
  • D. He doubts it.
【正确答案】
72:D

73:B

74:A

75:D

【命题立意】

72、推理判断题。

73、词义猜测题。

74、作者观点题。

75、作者态度题。

【解题思路】

72、根据第一段的内容可以推知,本段主要强调人的大脑在人际交往中起到至关重要的作用,故答案为D。

73、根据本段前几句提示内容可知,交朋友时投入的时间量决定了你与他人之间的关系,即与他人的联系,由此可以推知,engagement 相当于 connection。

74、根据文章第一段前三句和第三段第一句,可以推断出作者认为网络并不能在社交中发挥它所承诺的那样重要的作用。故答案为A。

75、根据文章第一段前三句和文章最后一段最后一句的内容,可知答案为D,即作者对网络能够加强人与人之间的关系的这种观点表示怀疑。

【文章大意】

本文是一篇议论文,讨论了网络是否能够像宣传的那样把全世界的人们都联系起来,加强人和人之间的关系这样一个问题。事实上,并非如此。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
48、Which of the following is the most famous event held at Cambridge Arts Cinema?
  • A. The Cambridge Film Festival.
  • B. Meetings with filmmakers.
  • C. The preview screening.
  • D. Monthly premieres.
49、 If you're a member of Cambridge Arts Cinema, you will enjoy free_
  • A. Darkroom Gallery shows
  • B. mailed programmes
  • C. special film events
  • D. film shows
50、 How long will the membership for Cambridge Arts Cinema last?
  • A. Four months.                 
  • B. Eight months.
  • C. Nine months.                 
  • D. One year.
51、For what purpose is the text written?
  • A. Offering students cheaper tickets.
  • B. Announcing the opening of a premiere.
  • C. Telling the public of the cinema's address.
  • D. Increasing the cinema's membership.
【正确答案】
48:A

49:B

50:C

51:D

【命题立意】

48、细节推断题。

49、细节推断题。

50、细节推断题。

51、写作意图题。

【解题思路】

48、根据文章首句“...home of the internationally celebrated Cambridge Film Festival. ”可知,剑桥电影节在此举办,故选A项。

49、根据“your own copy of each cinema programme mailed free of charge”可知,答案为B项。

50、根据“It costs £15 to join and your card can be used from 1st October 2011 to 30th June 2012. ”计算得知,会员时间为九个月,故选C项。

51、根据文章关于Cambridge Arts Cinema的详细描述,及文中话语的措辞可知,是为了吸引更多的学生加入成为会员,故选D项。

【文章大意】

本文是一篇关于鼓励更多学生参与到电影社团的招募广告。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
The Pacific island nation of Nauru used to be a beautiful place. Now it is an ecological disaster area. Nauru’s heartbreaking story could have one good consequence—other countries might learn from its mistakes.

For thousands of years, Polynesian people lived on the remote island of Nauru, far from western civilization. The first European to arrive was John Fearn in 1798. He was the British captain of the Hunter, a whaling ship. He called the island Pleasant Island.

However, because it was very remote, Nauru had little communication with Europeans at first. The whaling ships and other traders began to visit, bringing guns and alcohol. These elements destroyed the social balance of the twelve family groups on the island. A ten-year civil war started, which reduced the population from 1 400 to 900.

Nauru’s real troubles began in 1899 when a British mining company discovered phosphate (磷酸盐)on the island. In fact, it found that the island of Nauru was nearly all phosphate, which is a very important fertilizer for farming. The company began mining the phosphate.

A phosphate mine is not a hole in the ground; it is a strip mine. When a company strip-mines, it removes the top layer of soil. Then it takes away the material it wants. Strip-mining totally destroys the land. Gradually, the lovely island of Nauru started to look like the moon.

In 1968, Nauru became one of the richest countries in the world. Every year the government received millions and millions of dollars for its phosphate.

Unfortunately, the leaders invested the money unwisely and lost millions of dollars. In addition, they used millions more dollars for personal expenses. Soon people realized that they had a terrible problem — their phosphate was running out. Ninety percent of their island was destroyed and they had nothing. By 2000, Nauru was almost financially ruined. Experts say that it would take approximately $433 600 000 and more than 20 years to repair the island. This will probably never happen.

56、What might be the author’s purpose in writing the text?
  • A.To seek help for Nauru’s problems.
  • B. To give a warning to other countries.
  • C.To show the importance of money. 
  • D.To tell a heartbreaking story of a war.
57、 What was Nauru like before the Europeans came?
  • A.Rich and powerful.   
  • B. Modern and open. 
  • C.Peaceful and attractive.
  • D.Greedy and aggressive.
58、The ecological disaster in Nauru resulted from _______.
  • A.soil pollution    
  • B. phosphate overmining 
  • C.farming activity   
  • D.whale hunting
59、 Which of the following was a cause of Nauru’s financial problem?
  • A.Its leaders misused the money. 
  • B. It spent too much repairing the island.
  • C.Its phosphate mining cost much money.
  • D.It lost millions of dollars in the civil war.
60、What can we learn about Nauru from the last paragraph?
  • A.The ecological damage is difficult to repair.
  • B.The leaders will take the experts’ words seriously. 
  • C.The island was abandoned by the Nauruans 
  • D.The phosphate mines were destroyed
【正确答案】
56:B

57:C

58:B

59:A

60:A

【命题立意】

56、写作意图题。难度中等。

57、细节理解题。难度较小。

58、细节理解题。难度较小。

59、细节理解题。难度中等。

60、推理判断题。难度中等。

【解题思路】

56、由文章第一段可知,太平洋岛国Nauru曾经是一个美丽的地方,而现在却是一个生态灾难区。Nauru令人伤心的故事可能会使其他国家从中吸取教训。由此并结合全文内容可知,作者写作本文的目的是给其他国家敲响环保的警钟。故选B。

57、由第一段提到的“太平洋岛国Nauru曾经是一个美丽的地方”可知,Nauru曾经很attractive;由第三段中的“because it was very remote. Nauru had little communication with Europeans at first... These elements destroyed the social balance...A ten-year civil war started”可知,是欧洲人的到来打破了Nauru的平静与和平。所以Nauru曾经也很Peaceful。故选C。

58、由文章第五、六、七段可知,大量的开采磷酸盐使得政府挣到了大量的金钱,但却导致磷酸盐逐渐减少,并最终耗尽,进而导致岛国被破坏,人们一无所有。故选B。

59、由文章最后一段中的“Unfortunately, the leaders invested the money unwisely and lost millions of dollars. In addition, they used millions more dollars for personal expenses.”可知,是领导人不正确地使用资金导致了这一问题。故选A。

60、由文章最后一段中的“Experts say that it would take approximately $433 600 000 and more than 20 years to repair the island.”可知,要改善Nauru的生态环境需要大量的资金和时间,由此可推出这一修复过程很困难。故选A。

【文章大意】

本文主要介绍了太平洋岛国Nauru由一个景色迷人的地方变成了如今的生态灾难区的原因。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
41、What do we learn about pets from Paragraph 1?
  • A.They are often forgotten by their owners.
  • B.They are used to living outdoors.
  • C.They build their own shelters.
  • D.They like to stay in warm places.
42、Why are pet owners asked to stay with their pets when they are out in cold weather?
  • A.To know when to bring them inside.
  • B.To keep them from eating bad food.
  • C.To help them find shelters.
  • D.To keep them company.
43、If pets are left on their own outdoors in cold weather, they may ___.
  • A.run short of clean water
  • B.dig deep holes for fun
  • C.dirty the snow nearby
  • D.get lost in the wild
44、What is the purpose of this text?
  • A.To bring up a problem.
  • B.To give practical advice.
  • C.To tell an interesting story.
  • D.To present a research result.
【正确答案】
41:D

42:A

43:A

44:B

【命题立意】

41、 细节理解题。难度中等。

42、 推理判断题。难度较小。

43、 细节理解题。难度中等。

44、写作意图题。难度较小。

【解题思路】

41、根据第一段第二句话“Sometimes owners forget that their pets are just as used to the warm shelter(住所)as they are.”可知,宠物和人一样都适应了暖和的住所。故选D。根据第一段第三、四句话可知B错误,这是人们的错误看法,这样做会让宠物生病。A、C两项文中均没有提到。

42、 根据第二段第三句话“When you're cold enough to go inside,they probably are too.”可知,在户外之所以让主人和宠物待在一起,是为了让主人了解何时宠物会感觉冷,需要到室内去。故选A。

43、 根据最后一段中“Sometimes owners don't realize... unhealthy for them.”可知,在天气冷时宠物被留在外边的话,可能会因为没有干净的水喝,或水碗结冰而喝一些脏水,从而生病,故选A。run short of意为“缺乏,不够”。根据第三段第二句话可知,B项中“for fun”错误;C、D两项文中均没有提到。

44、本文第一段引出话题,第一段最后一句话是中心句,接着给人们提出可行性建议,主要告诉人们在天气冷时应如何注意宠物的保暖。故选B。

【文章大意】

本文主要讲述了天气冷时,养护宠物需要注意的事项。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
A typical lion tamer(驯兽师) in people’s mind is an entertainer holding a whip(鞭)and a chair.The whip gets all of the attention, but it’s mostly for show.In reality,it’s the chair that does the important work. When a lion tamer holds a chair in front of the lion’s face, the lion tries to focus on all four legs of the chair at the same time. With its focus divided, the lion becomes confused and is unsure about what to do next. When faced with so many options, the lion chooses to freeze and wait instead of attacking the man holding the chair.

How often do you find yourself in the same position as the lion? How often do you have something you want do achieve(e.g. lose weight, start a business,travel more)—only to end up confused by all of the options in front of you and never make progress?

This upsets me to no end because while all the experts are busy debating about which option is best,the people who want to improve their lives are left confused by all of the conflicting information. The end result is that we feel like we can’t focus or that we’re focused on the wrong things,and so we take less action, make less progress, and stay the same when we could be improving.

It doesn’t have to be that way. Anytime you find the world waving a chair in your face, remember this: All you need to do is focus on one thing. You just need to get started. Starting before you feel ready is one of the habits of successful people.If you have somewhere you want to go,something you want to accomplish,someone you want to become...take immediate action. If you’re clear about where you want to go, the rest of the world will either help you get there or get out of the way.

28、Why does the lion tamer use a chair?
  • A.To trick the lion  
  • B.To show off his skills
  • C.To get ready for a fight 
  • D.To entertain the audience
29、In what sense are people similar to a lion facing a chair?
  • A.They feel puzzled over choices.
  • B.They hold on to the wrong things.
  • C.They find it hard to make changes.
  • D.They have to do something for show.
30、What is the author’s attitude towards the experts mentioned in Paragraph 3?
  • A.Tolerant 
  • B.Doubtful
  • C.Respectful  
  • D.Supportive
31、When the world is “waving a chair in your face,”you’re advised to .
  • A.wait for a better chance  
  • B.break your old habits
  • C.make a quick decision
  • D.sk for clear guidance
【正确答案】
28:A

29:A

30:B

31:C

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
As has been all too apparent in recent days at Balcombe, few issues cause greater concern than energy policy. Many village communities feel their countryside is being ruined by the power-producing machines of wind farms; yet they never take“direct action”, even though the planning laws put them at a severe disadvantage.  And the generous subsidies(财政补贴),which encourage the expansion of wind power, are not favorable to the village communities and set landowners in conflict with other residents(居民).

Those who disagree with the rapid expansion of wind farms state that the damage they cause is out of proportion(比例)to the benefits they bring, because their energy output cannot match that of the carbon-based power stations they are supposed to replace. Supporters insist that wind must be part of a mix of renewables, nuclear and carbon, and that the country is committed to meeting EU(European Union)targets for non-carbon energy generation.

Against this background, the fact that there is an argument within the Government over whether to publish an official report on wind farms’ impact on the countryside becomes even more extraordinary. The two parties in the coalition(联合)government are in disagreement over what it should say.

We have some advice for the two parties: publish the report, and let the country be the judge.  Even if it contains evidence that wind farms are harmful, it will hardly be a pleasant surprise to people who do not like them.  Equally, supporters must argue their case by acknowledging the concerns and explaining why they are either misplaced or worthy of much attention.

The suggestion that further negotiations are to take place to produce an “acceptable” report suggests that the politics of coalition government are doing the country harm in a certain way. Given the sensitivities involved, all the information should be available so that people can reach their own conclusions, rather than being left with the suspicion(猜疑)that facts are being replaced by political beliefs.

72、We can learn from the first paragraph that________.
  • A.energy policy catches much attention of the public
  • B.the residents are in favor of the expansion of wind farms
  • C.many village communities are satisfied with the subsidies
  • D.the planning laws offer great benefits to the residents
73、Supporters think that the expansion of wind power________.
  • A.is more rapid than that of carbon-based power
  • B.guarantees an increase in energy output
  • C.is expected to be much better than that of nuclear power
  • D.agrees with EU targets for non-carbon energy generation
74、It can be inferred from the passage that________.
  • A.an official report will settle the energy problem
  • B.the two parties are divided over the issue of wind farms
  • C.the two parties have agreed on a further negotiation
  • D.political beliefs concerning energy issues go against facts
75、Which of the following reflects the author’s opinion?
  • A.Increase political impact on energy policy.
  • B.Release a statement of supporters on wind farms.
  • C.Let the nation judge the facts about wind power.
  • D.Leave the two parties to reach their own conclusions.
【正确答案】
72:A

73:D

74:B

75:C

【解题思路】

72. A 推理判断题。从文章的第一句:……few issues cause greater concern than energy policy.可以推断能源政策引起公众的广泛关注。故答案为 A 项。

73. D 细节理解题。从第二段的最后一句Supporters insist that wind must be part of a mix of renewables, nuclear and carbon, and that the country is committed to meeting EU(European Union)targets for non-carbon energy generation. 可以知道答案为 D 项。

74. B 推理判断题。从文章的第三段可以推断两个党派在关于风力发电场话题方面产生了分歧。故正确答案为 B 项。

75. C 推理判断题。根据最后一段可以推断出,作者认为应该让公众去裁决风能发电项目的实施,故答案为 C 项。

【语篇解读】

本文为说明文,题材是环保类。内容是关于风能发电项目对当地居民的影响,以及支持者和反对者两派之间的观点。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂

首页上一页下一页末页1/2转到Go

分享到:

相关知识点