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首页高考知识点英语知识点17.阅读理解细节与推理判断题

高考英语知识点

细节与推理判断题

绩优堂高考知识点细节与推理判断题

考点

主旨大意题细节与推理判断题语义题观点态度题篇章结构题词义猜测题阅读补全

共计370道相关试题精选知识点题

阅读下列短文,从所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

I really love my job because I enjoy working with small children and like the challenges and awards from the joB.I also think my work is important.There was a time when I thought I would never have that sort of career (职业).

I wasn’t an excellent student because I didn’t do much schoolwork.In my final term I started thinking what I might do and found I didn’t have much to offer.I just accepted that I wasn’t the type to have a career.

I then found myself a job—looking after two little girls.It wasn’t too bad at first. But the problems began when I agreed to live in so that I would be there if my boss had to go out for business in the evening.We agreed that if I had to work extra hours one week, she’d give me time off the next.But unfortunately, it didn’t often work out.I was getting extremely tired and fed up, because I had too many late nights and early mornings with the children.

One Sunday, I was in the park with the children, and met Megan who used to go to school with me.I told her about my situation.She suggested that I should do a course and get a qualification (资格证书) if I wanted to work with children.I didn’t think I would be accepted because I didn’t take many exams in school. She persuaded me to phone the local college and they were really helpful. My experience counted for a lot and I got on a part-time course. I had to leave my job with the family, and got work helping out at a kindergarten.

Now I’ve got a full-time job there.I shall always be thankful to Megan.I wish I had known earlier that you could have a career, even if you aren’t top of the class at school.

21、What is the author’s present job?
  • A.Working part-time in a college.
  • B.Taking care of children for a family.
  • C.Helping children with their schoolwork.
  • D.Looking after children at a kindergarten.
22、When staying with the two girls’ family, the author ________.
  • A.was paid for extra work
  • B.often worked long hours
  • C.got much help from her boss
  • D.took a day off every other week
23、Why did the author leave her first job?
  • A.She found a full-time job.
  • B.She was fed up with children.
  • C.She decided to attend a part-time course.
  • D.She needed a rest after working extra hours.
24、What has the author learned from her own experiences?
  • A.Less successful students can still have a career.
  • B.Qualifications are necessary for a career.
  • C.Hard work makes an excellent student.
  • D.One must choose the job one likes.
【正确答案】
21:D

22:B

23:C

24:A

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
29、Why didn’t the author cry when her grandmother died?
  • A.Because her father did not want her to feel too sad.
  • B.Because she did not love her grandmother.
  • C.Because she was too shy to cry at that time.
  • D.The author doesn’t give the explanation.
30、It can be inferred from the text that ______.
  • A.there are two ways to keep healthy
  • B.crying does more good to health than laughing
  • C.crying and laughing play the same role
  • D. emotional health has a close relationship to physical health
31、According to the author, which of the following statements is TRUE?
  • A.Crying is the best way to get help from others.
  • B.Fighting back tears may cause some health problems.
  • C.We will never know our deep feelings unless we cry.
  • D. We must cry if we want to reduce pressure.
32、What might be the most suitable title for the text?
  • A.Power of Tears
  • B.How to Keep Healthy
  • C.Why We Cry  
  • D.A New Scientific Discovery
【正确答案】
29:D

30:D

31:B

32:A

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
21、What does the author try to express in the first paragraph?
  • A.The coat looked like a magical coat.
  • B.They were good at shopping.
  • C.The coat was a real bargain.
  • D.They had the same taste in clothes.
22、What does the underlined word “grin” in Paragraph 2 probably mean?
  • A.A wide smile.
  • B.A worried look.
  • C.A low spirit.
  • D.A joking voice.
23、After John wore the new coat, the author found he _______.

a.was happier and better-behaved              b.received more praise from his teachers

c.was willing to follow suggestions    d.made rapid progress in study

e.would say sweet words to please her

  • A.a, b, c
  • B.a, c, e   
  • C.b, d, e  
  • D.c, d, e
24、What message does the author intend to deliver in the article?
  • A.We should not judge people by their appearance.
  • B.Life is full of possibilities when we are young.
  • C.It’s beneficial to try different things in our lives.
  • D.What we wear could help shape who we are inside.
【正确答案】
21:C

22:A

23:B

24:D

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
25、The text is meant to ________
  • A.leave a note 
  • B.send an invitation
  • C.present a document    
  • D.carry an advertisement
26、What does the underlined part mean?
  • A.You’ll make others’ lives more meaningful with this job.
  • B.You’ll arrive home just in time from this job.
  • C.You’ll earn a good salary from this job.
  • D.You’ll succeed in getting this job.
27、The volunteers’ primary responsibility is to help people with learning disabilities ________.
  • A.to get some financial support  
  • B.to properly protect themselves
  • C.to learn some new living skills 
  • D.to realize their own importance
28、Which of the following can first be chosen as a volunteer?
  • A.The one who can drive a car.
  • B.The one who has done similar work before.
  • C.The one who has patience to listen to others.
  • D.The one who can use English to communicate.
【正确答案】
25:D

26:A

27:D

28:B

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
In the past,teachers were limited to what they could do when it came to how they could present lesson plans and information to their pupils.Commonly they would stand in front of a podium and lecture to students about the lesson of the day.Sometimes a teacher might write something on the board,maybe even have students read out loud from a book,yet that would be it.Basically in the past,there was not much interaction(交互)going on between the teacher and the students.

Now,teachers have all sorts of choices when it comes to how they can teach their students and it could not have come any sooner.One is actually a whiteboard that is interactive.So not only can teachers display things for their students to see in colour,but teachers can also change up what is being displayed on the screen through the use of a wireless device that is typically in the shape of a pen or laser pointer.To change what is being displayed on the screen,all the teacher has to do is point at the screen using the device and just like that,things are moving.No longer are lesson plans stagnant,but they come to life right before the students’eyes.

Another is a touch pad screens where teachers can actually walk around the room to teach their students.The screens themselves are similar to other name brand touch screens that are almost like small computers.They are extremely handy and perfect for situations where the teacher likes to get up and get going.Along with that,SmartEd Services is a portable audio device that allows teachers to amplify(扩大)what is being said to students.If you want to know more an easy way to check into all the options that are out there is to simply do some searching online.

1、There used not to be much communication in class probably because_______.
  • A.the teachers had limited knowledge
  • B.the students liked reading aloud
  • C.teaching technology was backward
  • D.teaching materials were too difficult
2、Which one of the following is TRUE of the whiteboard?
  • A.It can be operated with a pen or a pencil.
  • B.We can use chalk to write words on it.
  • C.It can move here and there by itself.
  • D.Color words and pictures can be shown on it.
3、The underlined word“stagnant”(in Paragraph 2)probably means_____.
  • A.practical   
  • B.inactive
  • C.fluent  
  • D.necessary
4、SmartEd Services is a kind of device that______.
  • A.follows the teacher in the classroom
  • B.makes the teacher’s voice louder
  • C.helps the students understand better
  • D.makes the class more interesting
5、According to the author,______.
  • A.technology can make class practical and interesting
  • B.the traditional teaching methods should be given up
  • C.the teachers should get on well with their students
  • D.modern science and technology bring us a happy life
【正确答案】
1:C

2:D

3:B

4:B

5:A

【答案详解】

1、   推理判断题。根据全文的意思可知,过去在课堂上师生缺乏交流是由于教学技术落后,故C项为正确答案。

2、    推理判断题。根据第二段中的“So not only can teachers display things for their students to see in colour...”可知,电子白板可以展示彩色的文字和图画。

3、词义猜测题。根据后面的“but they come to life right before the students’ eyes.”可知,该词的意思是“不活跃的,被动的”。故选B项。

4、细节理解题。根据最后一段中的“SmartEd Services is a portable audio device that allows teachers to amplify what is being said to students.”可知,这种设备可以扩大老师的声音,以便让学生听清楚。

5、推理判断题。根据文章第二段和第三段所描述的内容可知,现代教学技术能提高学习效率,增加课堂教学中师生之间的互动,由此可以推知A项的意思和文意相符。

【长难句分析】

So not only can teachers display things for their students to see in colour,but teachers can also change up what is being displayed on the screen through the use of a wireless device that is typically in the shape of a pen or laser pointer.所以不仅仅老师能够给学生展示彩色的东西,而且能够通过使用无线特制的钢笔或者激光指示棒,改变屏幕上面展示的内容。

该句是并列复合句。句子由not only...but also...连接,其中前句使用了倒装结构;后句中含有what引导的宾语从句;后面的that引导定语从句,修饰a wireless device。另外,in the shape of意为“呈……的形状”。

【语篇导读】

在过去,课堂教学活动受到很大的限制,因此师生之间不可能做到有效和充分的交流。电子白板、触摸板屏幕等现代教学技术不仅仅使得教学活动丰富多彩,也在很大程度上提高了教学效率。 

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
If you put all the books you own on the street outside your house,you might expect them to disappear immediately.But one man,Hernando Guanlao in Manila,tried it and found that his collection grew.

He’s a special man in his early 60s,with one continuous love—books.They’re his pride and joy,just as well because,whether he likes it or not,they seem to be taking over his house.Guanlao has set up a“library”outside his home in central Manila.Readers can take as many books as they want,for as long as they want.As Guanlao says:“The only rule is that there are no rules.”

It’s a policy you might consider it would end very quickly.But in fact,in the 12 years he’s been running his library.He’s found that his collection has grown rather than become smaller,as more and more people help the activity.“It seems to me that the books are speaking to me,”he says with a smile.“The books are telling me they want to be read.”

Guanlao started his library in 2000,shortly after the death of his parents.He was looking for something to honour their memory,and that was when he hit upon the idea of promoting(提升)the reading habit passed on to him from his parents.So he put the books outside the door of his house to see if anyone wanted to borrow them.They did,and they brought the books back with others to add to the collection.The library was born.The library is not advertised,but somehow,every day,a steady stream of people find their way there.

To help the poorest communities in Manila,Nanie Guanlao doesn’t wait for them to find him on his“book bike”.He wants to set up a“book boat”.travelling around the islands of Sulu and Basilan.As we sat outside Nanie Guanlao’s house in the midday sun,watching people look through his collection,he thought it was worth spending all his time.

1、What is the main purpose of the first paragraph?
  • A.To mean Guanlao is an owner of a library.
  • B.To attract readers’ curiosity to the library.
  • C.To mean Guanlao is working very hard.
  • D.To welcome readers to the library.
2、What should readers in Guanlao’s library do according to the text?
  • A.Keep books for a short time.
  • B.Help increase the collection.
  • C.Be free to read here.
  • D.Have a library card.
3、What was unexpected after the library was set up?
  • A.The library was larger day after day.
  • B.The library had taken over his house.
  • C.The library got help from more people.
  • D.The library was Guanlao’s life center.
4、What helped Guanlao have the idea of setting up a library?
  • A.His good reading habit.
  • B.The joy of reading books.
  • C.The memory of his parents.
  • D.Nothing to do in his daily life.
5、What is the main idea of the last paragraph?
  • A.Guanlao helps the poor communities.
  • B.Guanlao operates his“book boat”.
  • C.Guanlao makes efforts for his library.
  • D.Guanlao travels around for his library.
【正确答案】
1:B

2:C

3:A

4:C

5:C

【答案详解】

1、 主旨大意题。文章第一段一方面指出书放在门外很快就会消失,但是Guanlao的书并不是这样,反而数量在增加,这吸引了读者的眼球,想知道为什么。

2、    细节理解题。根据文章第二段的“The only rule is that there are no rules.”可知,来这里看书并没有任何的规则,是非常自由的。

3、 推理判断题。根据文章第三段的“…you might consider it would end...he’s been running his library”可知,出乎人们意料的是该图书馆竟然持续了这么长时间。

4、    细节理解题。根据文章第四段的“He was looking for something to honour their memory,…from his parents.”可知,正是为了对他父母的纪念,Guanlao才想到建立图书馆的这一想法。

5、 主旨大意题。文章最后一段主要是介绍了Guanlao为了自己的事业不断的努力,不断地扩大他的图书馆,而且使其流动。

【长难句分析】

He’s found that his collection has grown rather than become smaller,as more and more people help the activity.他发现他的收藏已经扩大,而不是变小,因为越来越多的人帮助这项活动。

该句是复合句。句中含有that引导的宾语从句,其中rather than是连词,意思是“而不是”;之后as引导原因状语从句。

【语篇导读】

本文是新闻报道。如果有人把书放在路边,这些书很可能会很快消失。然而,Hernando Guanlao把自己的家建成了一个私人图书馆,供路人欣赏阅读,图书数量反而在不断增加。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
Most of the more than 6,000 species of frogs in the world lay their eggs in water.But many tropical(热带的)frogs lay their eggs out of water.This behavior protects the eggs from aquatic predators,such as fish and tadpoles,but also increases their risk of drying out.Justin Touchon,post-doctoral fellow at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute,discovered that climate change in Panama may be changing frogs’course of evolution(进化).By analyzing long-term rainfall data collected by the Panama Canal Authority,Touchon discovered that rainfall patterns are changing just as climate-change models predict.

“Over the past four decades,rainfall has become much less during the wet season,”said Touchon.“The number of rainy days decreased,and the number of gaps between storms increased.”

The eggs of the pantless treefrog,Dendropsophus ebraccatus,are extremely susceptible to drying.The embryos die within a day when there is no rain.Heavy rains trigger breeding(繁殖),so as storms become sporadic,the chance of rain within a day of being laid decrease and so does egg survival.

As weather patterns have changed,the advantage of laying eggs out of water has decreased,not only for pantless treefrogs but potentially for many species.“Pantless treefrogs can switch between laying eggs in water or on leaves,so they may weather the changes we are seeing in rainfall better than other species that have lost the ability to lay eggs in water,”said Touchon.

“Being flexible(灵活的)in where they put their eggs gives them more choices and allows them to make decisions in a given habitat that will increase the survival of their eggs.”

1、According to the first paragraph,_______.
  • A.frogs sometimes eat their eggs
  • B.tropical frogs eat fish and tadpoles
  • C.many tropical frogs lay eggs out of water
  • D.there are 6,000 kinds of frogs in the world
2、What has happened to the climate in Panama in the last 40 years?
  • A.There were more storms in summer.
  • B.The number of sunny days decreased.
  • C.The temperature has become higher.
  • D.There is less rainfall in the wet season.
3、What do we know about the pantless treefrogs?
  • A.They will die out soon.
  • B.They can lay eggs on leaves.
  • C.They must live in water in summer.
  • D.They live on leaves in the wet season.
4、The underlined word“weather”in the last paragraph probably means“____”.
  • A.join in   
  • B.come through
  • C.go against 
  • D.get from
5、Where is the text most likely to have been taken from?
  • A.A news report.
  • B.A book review.
  • C.A travel magazine.
  • D.A personal diary.
【正确答案】
1:C

2:D

3:B

4:B

5:A

【答案详解】

1、   细节理解题。根据第一段第一句“But many tropical frogs lay their eggs out of water.”可知,热带青蛙不在水里产卵。

2、    细节理解题。根据第二段中的“Over the past four decades,rainfall has become much less during the wet season.”可知,在潮湿的季节,雨量明显变少。

3、 推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“Pantless treefrogs can switch between laying eggs in water or on leaves...”可知,这种树蛙在树叶上面产卵。

4、词义猜测题。根据和并列连词than other之后的语境的对比意义可知,该词的意思是“度过”这种变化。

5、  推理判断题。本文介绍了青蛙物种的最新情况,结合专家的介绍可以推知,本文是一篇新闻报道。

【长难句分析】

As weather patterns have changed,the advantage of laying eggs out of water has decreased,not only for pantless treefrogs but potentially for many species.因为天气规律发生了变化,无论是对树蛙,还是对潜在的其他物种来说,水外产卵的有利条件已经减少。

该句是复合句。其中as引导原因状语从句。主句中not only...but...连接两部分并列介词短语。

【语篇导读】

本文是一篇议论文。热带青蛙改变了数千年的习惯而跑到水外产卵,其原因是气候的变化导致了它们的进化过程也发生了相应的变化,这是相关专家的一项最新发现。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
Indian classical music is said to have its origins in the Vedas,the oldest scriptures in the Hindu culture.It is different from the western music style due to the fact that the music principle doesn’t focus on the harmony but rather on the melody itself.

Already in 2500 B.C.,in the time of the Indus Valley civilization,archaeological evidence proves the presence of the musical culture as identified from ancient figures.The figures and images feature the presence of music in the culture at this time,portraying musical instruments such as drums and harps as well as dancing people.

With the arrival of the Aryans around 1 500 B.C.,the Indus Valley civilization was pretty much submerged(淹没).The culture in the area took a turn toward chanted poetry,as well as other compositions such as the Yajurveda and other Vedas.The Vedic religion was based on sacrifices to the gods,with music being an essential part.

Starting from 500 B.C.,Indian epic music evolved,with the introduction of the Ramayana,written in shloka form,referring to a type of rhythmic composition.In addition,the term Pathya was developed,which laid down the basics of making music,consisting of the number of notes to be used.

The 500 years between 200 B.C.and 300A.D.reveal an interesting development to music:with the historical and religious tradition which was related to making music,Indian mythology(神话)itself held music to be sacred.Traditionally,Bharata was considered the first to establish specific rules for theater composition,which mainly contained music.

The modern era,starting from 1700,saw Indian music change into the Hindustani music that is popular today.As Indian music and Indian culture are inseparable,there are efforts today to convey some of the greatness of this music by pushing students to learn Hindi.An Indian summer camp,such as Jano India,helps keeping this rich culture alive by bringing children closer to a music tradition that has been living and breathing for a few millennia(千年).

1、What suggests that Indian music can date to 2500 B.C.?
  • A.The Indians valued the harmony very much.
  • B.Drums and harps were used by the Indians.
  • C.The Indians had their favourite folk music.
  • D.The Indians were good at singing and dancing.
2、We can learn from Paragraph 2 that the Aryans_____.
  • A.hated the Indus Valley civilization
  • B. liked playing musical instrument
  • C.fought against the local citizen bravely
  • D.developed the early Indian music culture
3、Which of the following may make it possible for the Indians to make music?
  • A.Theatre composition.
  • B.The term Pathya.
  • C.The Yajurveda and Vedas.
  • D.The Hindustani music.
4、The modern Indian music came into being from around________.
  • A.1700 A.D.
  • B.200 B.C.
  • C.1500 B.C. 
  • D.300 B.C.
5、The children who take part in Jano India can_____.
  • A.1earn much music knowledge
  • B.experience all kinds Indian customs
  • C.have a good taste of Indian music culture
  • D.come to know a lot of new Indian friends
【正确答案】
1:B

2:D

3:B

4:A

5:C

【答案详解】

1、 细节理解题。根据第二段最后的“The figures and images feature the presence of music in the culture at this time,portraying musical instruments such as drums and harps as well as dancing people.”可知,竖琴和鼓的使用说明了印度音乐可以上溯到公元前2500年。

2、   推理判断题。第三段一开始提到印度山谷文明的衰败,该段最后的“The Vedic religion was based on sacrifices to the gods,with music being an essential part.”,说明雅利安人发展了印度早期的音乐文化。

3、  细节理解题。根据第四段中的“In addition,the term Pathya was developed,which laid down the basics of making music,consisting of the number of notes to be used.”可知,the term Pathya为后来的音乐创作打下了基础。

4、  细节理解题。根据最后一段中的首句“The modern era,starting from 1700,saw Indian music change into the Hindustani music that is popular today.”可知,印度的现代音乐文化起源于公元1700年。

5、   推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“…helps keeping this rich culture alive by bringing children closer to a music tradition.”可以推知,参加该夏令营的孩子能体验印度音乐文化。

【长难句分析】

An Indian summer camp,such as Jano India,helps keeping this rich culture alive by bringing children closer to a music tradition that has been living and breathing for a few millennia.有一个诸如Jano India的印度夏令营,通过让孩子们更靠近已经存在并活跃了数千年的音乐传统的方式,帮助这种丰富的文化保持活力。

该句是复合句。其中such as意为“诸如”;keep...alive意为“保持……有活力”;介词by引出介词短语,用作状语;that引导定语从句,修饰a music tradition。

【语篇导读】

本文是说明文。文章介绍了印度音乐文化发展的历史。早在公元前2500年印度就出现了早期的民族音乐文化,在经历了数千年的发展和演变之后,印度的音乐和文化已经融为一体。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
For 13 years,Bryan Martin kept the book hidden from his daughter,dutifully taking it to her teachers,coaches and school principals every year to have them append(附加)it with positive comments and messages.

Finally,on June 8-the day of her graduation from North Johnston High School in Kenly,N.C.—Brenna Martin received a special copy of the Dr.Seuss classic“Oh,the Places You’ll Go!”When Brenna opened the book,she found personal messages from teachers and coaches going back to when she was 5 years old.

“On the first page I see a short paragraph written by none other than my kindergarten teacher.I start tearing up,but I’m still confused.He tells me,‘Every year,for the past 13 years,since the day you started kindergarten,I've gotten every teacher,coach,and principal to write a little something about you inside this book.’”

Initially thinking she was just going to get a“cheesy card” when her dad said he had a present for her,Brenna received a heartfelt gift more than a decade in the making.Her father turned a children’s book that sells for about 10 bucks online into the gift of a lifetime.On her graduation day,Brenna tweeted(发布微博):“I can’t explain how moved I am by all of this,and somehow they kept it a secret for all these years.”

Brenna posted a photo of herself holding the book and one of the inscriptions inside it.The messages inside it range from her early teachers mentioning her“pigtails and giggles”to her high school teachers commenting on her wit and sharp thinking.

Since Brenna posted the news of her gift,her Imgur.com page has received 10.8 million views and counting in only two weeks.And it has inspired other parents of young children to start similar projects of their own.

1、“Oh,the Places You’ll Go”is a book that________.
  • A.was written by Brernna’s father
  • B.was bought in a bookstore
  • C.included Brenna’s secrets at school
  • D.was full of inspiring words for Brenna
2、When Brenna received a book from her father,she became_____.
  • A.surprised and then moved
  • B.angry and then happy
  • C.puzzled and then worried
  • D.confused and then painful
3、In order to show her feeling,Brenna______.
  • A.had a long talk with her teachers
  • B.made a telephone to her father
  • C.updated her tweet on the website
  • D.sold the book for about 10 bucks
4、When Brenna was at the kindergarten_____.
  • A.she was a naughty student
  • B.she would like to help others
  • C.she was a little lovely girl
  • D.she did quite well in her lessons
5、It can be included from this passage that_____.
  • A.Bryan was a serious father at home
  • B.Brenna was an independent girl at school
  • C.many parents have been inspired by Bryan
  • D.Brenna’s growth contributes her to teachers
【正确答案】
1:D

2:A

3:C

4:C

5:C

【答案详解】

1、    推理判断题。根据第一段中的“…with positive comments and messages.”可以推知,卜瑞娜所得到的书里充满了令人鼓舞的话语。

2、      推理判断题。根据第四段中的“InitialIy thinking she was just going to get a ‘cheesy card’ when her dad said he had a present for her…”可以推知,卜瑞娜得到这种礼物是出乎意料的;再根据第三段中的“I start tearing up”等信息,说明她变得很感动。

3、  推理判断题。根据第四段中的“Brenna tweeted:‘I can’t explain how moved I am by all of this,and somehow they kept it a secret for all these years.”’及下文中的相关信息,很明显,卜瑞娜在微博表达了自己的感情。

4、  推理判断题。根据第五段中的“pigtails and giggles”,结合文中提到老师们评价的内容,可以推知,卜瑞娜小时候是个可爱的小女孩。

5、   推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“And it has inspired other parents of young children to start similar projects of their own.”可以推知,许多父母在家庭教育方面受到启发。

【长难句分析】

The message inside it range from her early teachers mentioning her“pigtails and giggles”to her high school teachers commenting on her wit and sharp thinking.它里面的信息涉及早期的老师提到她小时候的“马尾辫和咯咯笑”,还有她中学老师对她的敏锐的思维所给予的评价。

该句是简单句。其中inside it是定语,修饰主语message;range from...to...是习惯搭配,意为“涉及从……到……”;句中mentioning...和commenting...都是动名词短语用作介词宾语。

【语篇导读】

本文是夹叙夹议文。马丁花费了13年的时间为女儿准备毕业礼物,这不仅仅让女儿深受感动,也让为人父母者深受启发。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
On a hot summer day,a friend and I decided to go to the forest for a walk.We walked around for a while.Then we realized that we should probably pay attention to where we’re going,so we wouldn’t get lost.We noticed a marked path and remembered that the path started where we parked our car.We started following it.After two hours,we realized we were just looping around.The part of the path that was supposed to take us back to the car seemed nowhere to be found!So we were off the marked path,in hopes of finding our way back.We found a cycling path and followed it to a parking lot.Sadly it wasn’ our parking lot!A map at that parking lot showed us where all the other parking lots were and we noticed we were a long way from all of them! Except that,we couldn’t know which one was“our” parking lot.We decided not to walk towards one.Instead,we walked up to a house nearby.

A lady was unloading(卸载)her food from her car,and we asked if she had any clue(线索)where we had parked our car.We described to her where we had come from and what the roads looked like.She immediately knew the place we described and said that we were a long way off.And then,to my surprise,she said:“Why don’t you jump into the car?I’ll take you there.”I coutdn’t believe it and shouted:“Really?!”I was so excited.We told her we had walked around for hours and she laughed and said,“I figured!”She drove us right back to our car,and we were so thankful.

1、Why did they walk along the marked path?
  • A.There was no path in other places.
  • B.They thought it led to their parking lot.
  • C.It was the longest path in the forest.
  • D.They could go to the deep part of the forest.
2、The underlined words“looping around”in Paragraph 1 mean________.
  • A.moving in a circle
  • B.looking for the path around
  • C.walking by following a path
  • D.staying in the same place
3、After they walked along a cycling path,they______.
  • A.were far from their parking lot
  • B.returned to their own parking lot
  • C.found their way back
  • D.got a map to look for their parking lot
4、Why did they decide to walk to a house nearby?
  • A.To have a good rest.
  • B.To find a guide.
  • C.To look for something to eat.
  • D.To ask for directions.
5、The lady liked to take them to their parking lot because_______.
  • A.she wanted to be praised
  • B.she happened to buy food there
  • C.they were far from there
  • D.it was on her way there
【正确答案】
1:B

2:A

3:A

4:D

5:C

【答案详解】

1、 细节理解题。根据文章第一段的“The part of the path that was supposed to take us back to the car...”可知,他们认为这条路会让他们回到停车的地方。故答案选B。

2、    词义猜测题。根据文章第一段的“so we wouldn’t get lost”和“seemed nowhere to be found”,此时作者和他的朋友已经迷路了,所以,他们沿着所标注的路走只是绕着圈子(around)走路。故答案选A。

3、    细节理解题。根据文章第一段的“We found a cycling path and followed it to a parking lot.Sadly it wasn’t our parking lot!”可知,作者找到了一个停车场,但是这不是他们的,并且该停车场离所有的停车场都很远,言外之意,作者他们离停车的地方越来越远了。故答案选A。

4、    推理判断题。根据文章第二段,他们俩到那座房子后,向一位女士询问有关他们的停车场的事,因此,他们走向那所房子是为了问路,而不是为了其他的事。故答案选D。

5、  细节理解题。根据文章第二段,这位好心的女士知道他们停车的地方离这儿很远,所以决定用自己的车把他们送去,且并不收取任何费用,所以作者对此非常感谢。故答案选C。

【长难句分析】

A map at that parking lot showed us where all the other parking lots were and we noticed we were a long way from all of them!停车场的地图显示所有其他停车场的位置,还有我们注意到我们离它们都很远。

该句是并列复合句。句子由连词and连接并列成分,其中前句是复合句结构,at that parking lot是介词短语,用作定语,修饰主语a map;后面where引导宾语从句;后句也是复合句,谓语noticed之后跟有宾语从句。

【语篇导读】

本文是记叙文。作者和一个朋友到树林散步,结果他们在林中迷了路,怎么也走不出这片树林。最后,他们在一个当地陌生人的帮助下找到了他们原来停车的地方。他们两人十分感谢这位陌生人。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
Not long ago,few little girls imagined they could grow up to become astronauts.For years in the United States,only men had that opportunity.In 1983,that changed.Sally Ride made history by becoming the first American woman to travel into space.

On Monday,Ride died at the age of 61.“Sally was a national hero and a powerful role model,”President Barack Obama said in a statement.“She inspired generations of young girls to reach for the stars.”

Ride became interested in Space when she was a kid.“If you asked me when I was 12 whether I wanted to be an astronaut,I’m sure I would have said yes,”she said in a 2013 interview.“But I didn't even think about that as a possible career.”

After studying physics in college and graduate school,Ride got her chance.She was accepted into NASA’s astronaut training program in 1978,and then chosen to be the first American female in space.In 1983,she blasted into space aboard the Challenger shuttle.“There is no amusement park ride on Earth that even comes close,”she said.

Ride returned to space on the Challenger a second time in 1984.Between the two missions,she spent a total of 343 hours in orbit.After that,she remained involved with the space program and also worked to share her passion for science with kids.She wrote five science books for children,and started her own science education company.

Ride knew that she held a unique place in history.“I realized how important it was for a woman to break that barrier and open the door for other women to be able to do the same exciting things that the men had been doing,”she said.

Since Ride’s historic trip,more than 40 other American women have traveled to space.They all had Ride to thank for opening the door to the final frontier.

1、By“that changed”,the writer intends to tell us that_____.
  • A.men didn’t work as astronauts any longer
  • B.women were quite different from men
  • C.man from another country was sent to space
  • D.a woman travelled to space for the first time
2、When Ride died,President Barack Obama_____.
  • A.thought highly of what she had done
  • B.showed his great sadness and heavy heart
  • C.encouraged more girls to explore space
  • D.expected people to become national heroes
3、According to a 2013 interview,Ride thought________.
  • A.she would become a good astronaut
  • B.she was too young to be an astronaut
  • C.it would be impossible for her to be an astronaut
  • D.she couldn’t answer the reporter’s questions
4、Ride wrote books in order to______.
  • A.make some money
  • B.make kids love science
  • C.be famous in the world
  • D.bring kids a happy life
5、This passage is taken from a website.Which part does it belong to?
  • A.Politics and economy.
  • B.History and culture.
  • C.Space and technology.
  • D.Relaxation and entertainment.
【正确答案】
1:D

2:A

3:C

4:B

5:C

【答案详解】

1、    推理判断题。根据下句“Sally Ride made history by becoming the first American woman to travel into space.”的意思可以推知, 妇女第一次遨游太空。

2、  推理判断题。根据第二段中的“Sally was a national hero and a powerful role model.”可以推知,奥巴马高度评价了莱德。

3、    细节理解题。根据第三段中的“But I didn’t even think about that as a possible career.”可知,莱德认为长大当宇航员是不可能的。

4、  细节理解题。根据第五段中的“…she remained involved with the space program and also worked to share her passion for science with kids.”可知,莱德著书是为了让孩子们喜爱科学。

5、 推理判断题。莱德是美国历史上第一位女宇航员,这在很大程度上鼓舞了更多的妇女从事航天活动,可见本文话题与航天有关,故这篇文章出自航天与科技板块。

【长难句分析】

After that,she remained involved with the space program and also worked to share her passion for science with kids.之后,她仍然从事空间项目的研究并通过工作和孩子们分享对科学的热情。

该句是简单句。句中after that是时间状语;连词and连接两部分谓语。remained involved with有“与……仍然有联系”之意;share...with...意为“与……分享”。

【语篇导读】

本文是记叙文。在过去,很少有女孩能想象长大后能够成为宇航员,可是,1983年萨莉·莱德却开创了女性遨游太空的先河,不仅如此,在她的鼓舞下,更多的女性参与了美国的航天活动。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
As they say,a good musician plays the music,not the instrument.Never was this truer than in the case of jug bands.Musicians in a jug band use ordinary,homemade instruments (along with some traditional instruments)to make beautiful music.An old-fashioned washboard becomes a rhythm instrument.A pair of ordinary kitchen spoons helps to keep the beat.Of course,a jug band always has an empty jug used as a wind instrument.

Jug bands have long been a part of the world of jazz and blues music.African-American musicians created this style of music around the beginning of the 20th century in Louisville,Kentucky.Later,jug bands became popular in other river towns like Memphis,Tennessee,and New Orleans,Louisiana.Traditional instruments like the guitar and the violin were already popular in southern music.When musicians discovered they could play musical notes with jugs,the jug band was born.

So how do you play a jug,anyway?You just hold the jug close to your lips to make it vibrate (振动).The jug helps to make the sound louder.What about the other homemade instruments? Scrape(刮)the washboard with a hard object.Hit together against your leg or against a cooking pan.Early jug band musicians used whatever they had available to make musical instruments. Some of them even made guitars out of cigar boxes.

You really have to hear the sound of a jug band to appreciate this fascinating style of music. Find some videos online,or of you like,attend a jug band festival.The National Jug Band Jubilee in Louisville,Kentucky,is just one of the festivals devoted to preserving“America’s happiest music”.Soon you’ll be clapping along with all the other fans of this delightful music.Maybe you’ll want to make your own instrument and join in the fun.

1、What does the underlined sentence in the first paragraph mean?
  • A.Jug band musicians and music really exist.
  • B.Jug band musicians can make music without instruments.
  • C.Jug bands have the best musicians and the best instruments.
  • D.Jug band musicians make great music even on common instruments.
2、What can we learn about jug band music from the text?
  • A.It is a type of jazz and blues music.
  • B.It is played on electronic instruments.
  • C.It was created at the end of the 20th century.
  • D.It is a fascinating style of music born in Africa.
3、How many homemade instruments does the writer introduce to us according to the text?
  • A.Six.
  • B.One. 
  • C.Three.
  • D.Four.
4、In the last paragraph,the author mainly invites readers to______.
  • A.make their own instruments
  • B.appreciate jug band music
  • C.preserve jug band music
  • D.attend the National Jug Band Jubilee
【正确答案】
1:D

2:A

3:D

4:B

【答案详解】

1、 推理判断题。根据第一段第一句可知,一个好的乐队是在演奏音乐而不是乐器,所以说坛罐乐队可以用普通的乐器演奏伟大的音乐。

2、    细节理解题。根据第二段第一句可知,坛罐乐队是爵士和布鲁斯音乐的一部分。

3、    细节理解题。倒数第二段中提到了the jug,the washboard, the spoons和cigar boxes四种乐器。

4、  推理判断题。根据最后一段第一句可知,作者邀请读者去欣赏坛罐乐队的音乐。

【长难句分析】

Early jug band musicians used whatever they had available to make musical instruments.早期的坛罐乐队音乐家使用所有他们可以使用的东西来制作音乐器具。

该句是主从复合句。whatever引导宾语从句;available作后置定语,修饰whatever they had;to make musical instruments作目的状语。

【语篇导读】

本文是说明文。文章向读者介绍了坛罐乐队的发展历史和主要特色,最后作者邀请读者去欣赏坛罐乐队的演出。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
In the supermarket this week my nine-year-old daughter came running over to my trolley with a DVD in her hand.“Mum!Hotel for Dogs is out-can we get it?’’I explained that she could,if she wanted to buy it out of her own money.She looked at the price and put it back.

As usual,my kids are delighted to spend my money on whatever they can get in the trolley,but are much more sensible and thoughtful when it comes to putting their hands in their own pockets.I like to think this is because they have,to some extent,earned their money and it therefore has a value to them.

My children’s pocket money is reward-based.They each have certain weekly jobs:they tidy their rooms,fold and organise their clothes and clear the table.There are things that we need to pay attention to while rewarding children:the rules need to be clear,transparent(透明的)and very fair.And I don’t want money to be connected in their minds with the giving of love.

Therefore,my children’s pocket money is not based on them“being good”.It is too difficult to be good for most normal children all day,every day for a full week.

I also don’t believe in paying my children to be kind,considerate and well-mannered.This is something we expect from them as part of our family and as little human beings.As a reward for good behavior such as going to bed on time,I’d rather use a reward-based activity or experience that is done together:an ice skating or a cinema trip instead of money.Punishments for bad behavior will usually be not allowing them to play.

I really want to instill good money management skills into my children,and I believe allowing them to earn-and spend-their own pocket money is a great place to start.

1、The example at the beginning of the text serves as a(n)_____.
  • A.comment  
  • B.conclusion
  • C.introduction     
  • D.background
2、The underlined phrase“putting their hands in their own pockets”in Paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to“______”.
  • A.earning money by themselves
  • B.spending their own money
  • C.visiting the supermarket
  • D.doing certain jobs
3、Why do the children do housework at home?
  • A.To keep themselves strong.
  • B.To make their parents proud.
  • C.To make some money.
  • D.To avoid going to school every day.
4、The author holds the view that____.
  • A.kids should earn their pocket money
  • B.kids should learn how to give love
  • C.parents should set an example to their kids
  • D.parents should help manage their kids’money
【正确答案】
1:D

2:B

3:C

4:A

【答案详解】

1、   推理判断题。第一段中作者九岁女儿在超市购物时对于用父母的钱和自己的零花钱持不同态度,而本文的主题就是孩子的零花钱,所以第一段中的例子是背景。

2、    词义猜测题。根据本段中“I like to think this is because they have,to some extent,earned their money and it therefore has a value to them”可知画线短语意思是花自己挣的钱。

3、   细节理解题。根据第三段开头的“My children’s pocket money is reward-based.”可知,孩子们做家务事是为了赚些零花钱。

4、  推理判断题。根据第三段中“My children’s pocket money is reward-based.”以及最后一段中“...and I believe allowing them to earn-and spend-their own pocket money is a great place to start.”可推知,作者认为孩子应该挣零用钱。

【长难句分析】

As usual,my kids are delighted to spend my money on whatever they can get in the trolley,but are much more sensible and thoughtful when it comes to putting their hands in their own pockets.像往常一样,我的孩子们会非常高兴地使用我的钱去买任何他们在手推车里能得到的东西,然而,要花他们自己的钱的时候,他们往往会更明智、更深思熟虑。

该句是主从复合句。but连接两个谓语are delighted to...和are much more...;介词on之后whatever引导宾语从句,whatever作get的宾语;when引导时间状语从句。此外,be delighted to do的意思是“很高兴做……”。

【语篇导读】

本文是议论文。让孩子用劳动挣自己的零用钱,对于孩子的良好表现进行物质奖励,并教孩子们如何管理金钱,让孩子从小就树立正确的金钱观。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
“Culture consists of all shared products of human society” (Robertson,1981).This means not only such material things as cities,organizations and schools,but also non-material things such as ideas,customs,family patterns,languages.Putting it simply,culture refers to the entire way of life of a society,“the ways of a people”.

Language is a part of culture and plays a very important role in it.Some social scientists consider it the keystone of culture.Without language,the maintaining(延续)of culture would not be possible.On the other hand,language is influenced and shaped by culture,it reflects culture.In the broadest sense, language is the symbolic representation of a people,and it comprises(包含)their historical and cultural backgrounds,as well as their approach to life and their ways of living and thinking.

We should not go further into the relationship between language and culture.What needs to be stressed here is that the two interact,and that understanding of one requires understanding of the other.

Social scientists tell us that cultures differ from one another,that each culture is unique.As cultures are diverse,so languages are diverse.It is only natural then that with differences in cultures and differences in languages,difficulties often arise in communicating between cultures and across cultures.Understanding is not always easy.

Learning a foreign language well means more than merely mastering the pronunciation,grammar,words and idioms.It means learning also to see the world as native speakers of that language see it,learning the ways in which their language reflects the ideas,customs,and behaviors of their society, learning to understand their“language of the mind”.Learning a language,in fact,is inseparable from learning its culture.

1、According to the first paragraph,the term“culture”refers to_________.
  • A.things like cities,organizations and schools
  • B.ideas,customs,family patterns,and languages
  • C.all things produced by human race
  • D.the total that constitute a society
2、The second paragraph tells about____.
  • A.the role language plays in culture
  • B.the relationship between language and culture
  • C.the influence culture has on language
  • D.the representation of culture
3、There will be no difficulty in communication if________.
  • A.people from different countries can speak each other’s langnuages
  • B.people from different countries can know each other’s cultures
  • C.people from different countries can know each other’s languages and cultures
  • D.there were no difference between the two cultures
4、The 1ast paragraph mainly talks about______.
  • A.learning social science through society itself
  • B.1earning a 1anguage through its culture
  • C.1earning a culture through its language
  • D.1earning social customs through culture
【正确答案】
1:D

2:B

3:C

4:B

【答案详解】

1、    词义猜测题。根据第一段中的“…culture refers to the entire way of life of a society.”可知,该词的意思是构成社会的一切元素。

2、 主旨大意题。本段主要介绍了语言和文化的关系,这样B项符合题意。

3、    推理判断题。根据倒数第二段中的“…difficulties often arise in communicating between cultures and across cultures.”可知,如果相互了解语言和文化,那么就不会存在交流的问题。

4、  推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“Learning a language,in fact,is inseparable from learning its culture.”可知,语言学习离不开文化学习。

【长难句分析】

It is only natural then that with differences in cultures and differences in languages,difficulties often arise in communicating between cultures and across cultures.由于文化和语言存在不同,文化内和跨文化之间的交流通常会出现困难,这是很自然的事情。

该句是复合句。句中it is natural that…是固定句型,意为“……是自然的”,其中it是形式主语,that引导真正主语;另外,从句中with引导独立主格结构,用作原因状语。

【语篇导读】

本文介绍语言和文化的关系。语言是文化的一部分,离开它们,我们就无法发展深层的社会关系;语言和文化是不可分割的,没有语言,文化也就无从谈起。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂
Heading off to college this year?Here are some fashion tips from our experts you should keep in mind.

Dress to impress:Stylist and business consultant Daniela Smith says,“Girls should keep in mind that your college professors will often be the bridge that connects you to your future career and your classmates will become your professional network.You don’t need to dress like you’re going to the office,but you should display an ability to properly present yourself with appropriate maturity and confidence,and look put-together.”

Logo mania(品牌热症):Wearing the logos of brands aimed at younger customers physically identifies you as part of that age group,so consider the targeted age group of the stores you shop at.It’s tempting to load up on logos,especially well-known logos that signify high-end brands.But consider this:college is a time of self-discovery,a chance to develop your own personal style.Instead of wearing logos head to toe,“walking advertisement”-style,why not express who you really are?

Wear real pants:The combination of leggings and baggy shirts is all too common on college campuses.Smith points out that leggings,yoga pants,and sweatpants are entirely unacceptable in public unless you’re exercising.Although leggings worn as pants are a common trend among high school and college girls,they are not an appropriate choice for daywear. As a young woman,your style choice should begin to reflect your maturity level.So,get rid of leggings and wear real pants!

Keep the cute factor to a minimum:Stay away from sweaters and T-shirts with smiling animals,cartoon characters,or Hello Kitty on them.Sure,kittens might be cute,but they’re not doing you any favors in the style department.Dressing too cutesy can take years off your look,and not necessarily in a good way!

1、The second paragraph indicates the importance of_____.
  • A.impressing professors
  • B.getting on well with classmates
  • C.creating a professional image
  • D.dressing appropriately
2、The author believes that college girls should_____.
  • A.choose a logo that suits their age
  • B.try to load up on well-known logos
  • C.use logos to show who they are
  • D.find their identity by trying different logos
3、In which magazine would you most likely find this passage?
  • A.Business Week.
  • B.Parents.
  • C.In style.
  • D.Travel&Leisure.
【正确答案】
1:D

2:A

3:C

【答案详解】

1、     细节理解题。根据第二段中的“you should display an ability to properly present yourself with appropriate maturity and confidence,and look put-together”等信息可知,该段主要说明穿着要得体。

2、    推理判断题。根据第三段最后的“Instead of wearing logos head to toe,‘walking advertisement’-style,why not express who you really are?”可以推知,女孩的穿着要适合自己。

3、  推理判断题。本文主要介绍了在穿着方面应该注意的事项,也就是着装的风格,故C项的意思和题意相符。

【长难句分析】

Girls should keep in mind that your college professors will often be the bridge that connects you to your future career and your classmates will become your professional network.女孩子们应该记住,你的大学教授通常会是你和未来职业的纽带,还有你的同学会成为你的职业网络的一部分。

该句是并列复合句。句子由and连接,其中前句是复合句,含有that引导的宾语从句,从句中that connects you to...是定语从句,修饰the bridge;后句是简单句。另外,keep in mind是固定词组,意为“记住”。

【语篇导读】

在当今社会,大学生到底应该怎样着装?本文作者给出了一些建议,包括着装的艺术、对待时尚的态度等。

创建者: 绩优堂 贡献者: 绩优堂

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